Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by episodic asthmaattacks where bronchoconstriction and inflammation causes shortness of breath, coughing, and chest tightness (Asthma: What is It?). The severity andtriggers of the attacks vary from person to person. Some individuals mayexperience minor symptoms and discomfort, but others may also havesevere airway constriction that if untreated could cause death (The GlobalInitiative for Asthma). Currently there is no cure for asthma ,it is a chroniccondition, but only treatment for the symptoms of asthma attacks--bronchoconstriction being reduced via the now common asthma inhaler(CDC Asthma). The cause of asthma is not well understood, but evidence currentlysuggests that environmental and genetic factors are causal factors (Millerand Ho) (CDC Asthma). However, there is some understanding of whattriggers the acute asthma attacks. These triggers are different for eachperson, but often include: tobacco smoke, high levels of air pollution, mold,exercise, changing weather conditions, and stress (emotional, fatigue, etc.)(CDC Asthma). Some link between obesity and asthma (Grant, Wagner andKB). Asthma is also thought to possibly be related to better hygiene intoday’s western culture than in the past (Ramsey and Celedon).
Reason for Selection