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DAY 6 Carboxylic Acids for MCAT

DAY 6 Carboxylic Acids for MCAT

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Published by Ian Hoffman

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Published by: Ian Hoffman on Dec 10, 2010
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05/07/2014

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1
Organic Chemistry
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Carboxylic acid
Prepared by Layne A. Morsch
The University of Illinois -Springfield
 
2
Carboxylic Acid Structure
Carboxylic acids are compounds containing a carboxy group(COOH).
The structure of carboxylic acids is often abbreviated asRCOOH or RCO
2
H, but keep in mind that thecentral carbonatom of the functional group is doubly bonded to one oxygenatom and singly bonded to another.
 
3
The C±O single bond of a carboxylic acid is shorter than theC
 ±
O bond of an alcohol.
This can be explained by looking at the hybridization of therespective carbon atoms.
Because oxygen is more electronegative than either carbonor hydrogen, the C
 ±
O and O
 ±
H bonds are polar.
Bonds in Carboxylic Acids

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