TUCKMANS TEAM DEVELOPMENT MODEL
The four stages of team forming is an evergreen model used by countless facilitators who conductteambuilding or leadership related workshops. Frequently, though
it is just touched upon in a verysuperficial way. The model though holds great substance and relevance while conducting experientialteam building activities.Lets take a dive into the model:
In 1938, Dr. Bruce Tuckman, a renowned psychologist introduced the 4-stage team developmentalmodel that is now known very well. Less common to most, Dr. Tuckman has added a fifth stage to the
model in 1965 which is the “adjourning” stage. Let’s walk through the 5 stages.
P e r f o r m a n c e
Forming Storming Norming Performing Adjourning
Infant Puberty Adolescence Maturity Reversion
At Communication Level
Courteous,HierarchicalBroken down,unstructuredStructured andreflectiveGenerative,productive,creating networkPurposeful,conclusive
At Relationship Level
Polite, curious,wary, awkward andtenseStressful, fiery,clique forming,disagreementsStable roles, rulesdefined,reflective, WEbefore ISeeks fordevelopment,trusting,openness,enabledBondedmemories,maintainsconnection,anxiety, insecure
At Task Level
Informationgathering,adjustmentsDefineboundariesStructured,organized, cleargoals and targetsTask oriented,creative, PDCA,drivenHanding over,concluding
Directing (telling) Coaching(advising)Participative(facilitating andenabling)Delegating(overseeing)Directing(concluding)
The diagram above presents the 5 stages and its relation to one another.