NS Syed Mohsin Ali
30 Mts (B), Regn no. 531
this document covers brief information about heat treatment of ferrous alloys. It discusses heat treatment processes of these alloys inindustries, used for hardening them and makes them suitable for manydifferent applications in our life.
Ferrous alloys are iron based alloys that has extensive use in wide range of industries because of its flexibility to meet strength, toughness, and impact of diverse industrial applications. Thisflexibility depends on the heat treatment procedures, which modifies the final micro-structure.Examples of ferrous alloys include carbon steels, alloy steels, stainless steels, tool steels, castiron, cast steel, maraging steel, and specialty or proprietary iron-based alloys. Now-a-days, many alloy manufacturers are trying to meet the compositional standards of theUnified Numbering System (UNS). Unified Numbering System (UNS), jointly developed byAmerican Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the Society of Automotive Engineers(SAE), provides an overall designation system for thousands of metals and alloys in commercialuse.
Types of ferrous alloys:
Various types of ferrous metals and alloys are available in the market.
Carbon steels are ferrous alloys that contain carbon and small levels of other alloyingelements, such as manganese or aluminium.
Alloy steels contain low to high levels of elements such as chromium, molybdenum,vanadium and nickel.
Stainless steels are highly corrosion resistant, ferrous alloys that contain chromium and/or nickel additions.
Cast iron, a ferrous alloy, contains high amounts of carbon. Ductile iron, gray iron andwhite cast iron grades are types of cast iron.
Cast steel alloy grades are made by pouring molten iron into a mould.
Cast Iron Alloy and Iron Alloy are two major ferrous alloys used in most industrialapplications.Heat treatment is also known as
For ferrous metals annealing heat treatments are used to soften the steel, to improve themachinability, to relieve internal stresses, to impart dimensional stability, and to refine thegrain size.Hardening treatments are used to harden steels by heating to a temperature at whichaustenite is formed and then cooling with sufficient rapidity to make the transformation to pearlite or ferrite unfavourable.