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Upper Padas Hydroelectric Project 1

Upper Padas Hydroelectric Project 1

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Published by: adztwins on Dec 12, 2010
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Special Environmental Impact Assessment Proposed Upper Padas Hydroelectric Project, Sabah 
 
Chemsain Konsultant Sdn Bhd 
 
 In collaboration with DHI Water & Environment (M) Sdn Bhd 
CK/EV403-4065/08 
List of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY............................................................................................................................................I
 
RINGKASAN EKSEKUTIF...........................................................................................................................................I
 
CHAPTER 1
 
GENERAL INFORMATION...........................................................................................................1-1
 
1.1
 
I
NTRODUCTION
.......................................................................................................................................1-1
 
1.2
 
S
PECIAL
E
NVIRONMENTAL
I
MPACT
A
SSESSMENT
T
ITLE
......................................................................................1-1
 
1.3
 
S
TATEMENT OF
N
EED
...............................................................................................................................1-1
 
1.4
 
B
RIEF
P
ROJECT
I
NTRODUCTION
...................................................................................................................1-3
 
1.4.1
 
Current Project Status.................................................................................................................1-4
 
1.4.2
 
Project Schedule.........................................................................................................................1-4
 
1.5
 
SEIA
 
P
ROCESS
........................................................................................................................................1-5
 
1.6
 
SEIA
 
R
EPORTING
....................................................................................................................................1-6
 
1.7
 
P
ROJECT
P
ROPONENT
...............................................................................................................................1-8
 
1.8
 
E
NVIRONMENTAL
I
MPACT
A
SSESSMENT
(EIA)
 
C
ONSULTANT
..............................................................................1-9
 
CHAPTER 2
 
POLICIES, LEGAL AND ORGANISATIONAL FRAMEWORK.............................................................2-1
 
2.1
 
I
NTRODUCTION
.......................................................................................................................................2-1
 
2.2
 
I
NSTITUTIONAL
F
RAMEWORK
......................................................................................................................2-1
 
2.3
 
N
ATIONAL
P
OLICY ON THE
E
NVIRONMENT
.....................................................................................................2-2
 
2.4
 
E
NVIRONMENTAL
UALITY
A
CT
,
 
1974.........................................................................................................2-3
 
2.5
 
F
EDERAL
L
EVEL
A
UTHORITY
........................................................................................................................2-3
 
2.6
 
S
TATE
L
EVEL
A
UTHORITY
...........................................................................................................................2-4
 
2.7
 
L
EGISLATIVE
R
EQUIREMENT
O
F
T
HE
P
ROJECT
.................................................................................................2-4
 
2.7.1
 
Special Environmental Impact Assessment Study Guidelines........................................................2-5
 
2.8
 
O
THER
A
PPLICABLE
E
NVIRONMENTAL
UALITY
R
EGULATIONS
............................................................................2-5
 
2.8.1
 
National Water Quality Standards for Malaysia (NWQSM)..........................................................2-5
 
2.8.2
 
The Planning Guidelines for Environmental Noise Limit and Control............................................2-6
 
2.8.3
 
Malaysian Recommended Guidelines for Gaseous Pollutants (MRGGP).......................................2-7 
 
2.8.4
 
Environmental Quality (Sewage) Regulations 2009.....................................................................2-8
 
2.8.5
 
Environmental Quality (Scheduled Waste) Regulations 2005.......................................................2-8
 
2.8.6
 
 Additional Related Statutes and Regulations...............................................................................2-9
 
2.9
 
I
NTERNATIONAL
R
EQUIREMENTS
...............................................................................................................2-12
 
2.9.1
 
Conventions and Other International Agreements.....................................................................2-12
 
2.9.2
 
Requirements of International Financial Institutions..................................................................2-12
 
2.9.3
 
International Finance Corporation and its Performance Standards............................................2-13
 
2.9.4
 
World Bank Safeguard Policies..................................................................................................2-14
 
2.9.5
 
 Asian Development Bank..........................................................................................................2-15
 
2.9.6
 
Private Banking........................................................................................................................2-16
 
CHAPTER 3
 
PROJECT DESCRIPTION...............................................................................................................3-1
 
3.1
 
I
NTRODUCTION
.......................................................................................................................................3-1
 
3.1.1
 
Project Concept..........................................................................................................................3-2
 
3.1.2
 
Reservoir Characteristics.............................................................................................................3-5
 
 
 
Special Environmental Impact Assessment Proposed Upper Padas Hydroelectric Project, Sabah 
 
Chemsain Konsultant Sdn Bhd 
 
ii 
 In collaboration with DHI Water & Environment (M) Sdn Bhd 
CK/EV403-4065/08 
3.2
 
C
ONCEPTUAL
D
ESIGN
...............................................................................................................................3-9
 
3.2.1
 
Dam and Spillway.......................................................................................................................3-9
 
3.2.2
 
Power Waterway......................................................................................................................3-10
 
3.2.3
 
Power House............................................................................................................................3-11
 
3.2.4
 
Secondary Power Station to Utilize the Minimum Water Release...............................................3-13
 
3.2.5
 
Tailrace Canal...........................................................................................................................3-13
 
3.2.6
 
Cofferdams for the Construction of Power House......................................................................3-13
 
3.2.7 
 
Switchyard...............................................................................................................................3-14
 
3.2.8
 
Transmission Lines....................................................................................................................3-14
 
3.2.9
 
Drainage System......................................................................................................................3-15
 
3.2.10
 
 Access Roads............................................................................................................................3-15
 
3.2.11
 
Infrastructure and Facilities......................................................................................................3-16
 
3.3
 
M
ANAGEMENT
P
OLICIES FOR
I
MPLEMENTATION
...........................................................................................3-17
 
3.3.1
 
Efficient Use of Energy..............................................................................................................3-17 
 
3.3.2
 
Procurement Policy...................................................................................................................3-17 
 
3.3.3
 
Waste and Hazardous Materials...............................................................................................3-17 
 
3.3.4
 
Biomass Removal.....................................................................................................................3-18
 
3.3.5
 
Land Acquisition.......................................................................................................................3-18
 
3.3.6
 
Relocation of Communities.......................................................................................................3-18
 
3.3.7 
 
Consultations and Disclosure....................................................................................................3-18
 
3.3.8
 
Decommissioning.....................................................................................................................3-19
 
3.4
 
P
ROJECT
O
PTIONS
.................................................................................................................................3-19
 
3.4.1
 
Site Options..............................................................................................................................3-19
 
3.4.2
 
Power Generation Options........................................................................................................3-20
 
3.4.3
 
Hydropower Generation Options..............................................................................................3-20
 
3.4.4
 
Dam Layout Options.................................................................................................................3-23
 
3.4.5
 
Transmission Lines Route Options.............................................................................................3-24
 
3.4.6
 
 Alternative Haulage Routes and Jetties.....................................................................................3-25
 
3.4.7 
 
No Project Option.....................................................................................................................3-26
 
3.5
 
P
ROJECT
A
CTIVITIES
...............................................................................................................................3-27
 
3.5.1
 
Pre-construction Activities / Site Preparation............................................................................3-28
 
3.5.2
 
Construction Activities..............................................................................................................3-28
 
3.5.3
 
Construction Methodology.......................................................................................................3-29
 
3.5.4
 
Operation/Maintenance Activity...............................................................................................3-35
 
3.5.5
 
Decommissioning of Site Installations.......................................................................................3-36
 
CHAPTER 4
 
EXISTING ENVIRONMENT...........................................................................................................4-1
 
4.1
 
I
NTRODUCTION
.......................................................................................................................................4-1
 
4.2
 
T
HE
P
ADAS
R
IVER
B
ASIN
...........................................................................................................................4-4
 
4.3
 
Z
ONE
1:
 
S
ABAH AND THE
R
EGION
................................................................................................................4-5
 
4.3.1
 
Climate.......................................................................................................................................4-6
 
4.3.2
 
 Air Quality..................................................................................................................................4-9
 
4.3.3
 
Noise Level...............................................................................................................................4-11
 
4.3.4
 
Regional Geology.....................................................................................................................4-14
 
4.3.5
 
Seismicity.................................................................................................................................4-15
 
4.3.6
 
Public Administration...............................................................................................................4-17 
 
4.3.7 
 
Road Traffic..............................................................................................................................4-18
 
 
 
Special Environmental Impact Assessment Proposed Upper Padas Hydroelectric Project, Sabah 
 
Chemsain Konsultant Sdn Bhd 
 
iii 
 In collaboration with DHI Water & Environment (M) Sdn Bhd 
CK/EV403-4065/08 
4.3.8
 
Social Survey on Water Transportation.....................................................................................4-21
 
4.3.9
 
Forestry....................................................................................................................................4-24
 
4.4
 
Z
ONE
2:
 
C
ATCHMENT
A
REA FOR THE
R
ESERVOIR
...........................................................................................4-30
 
4.4.1
 
Climate.....................................................................................................................................4-31
 
4.4.2
 
Geology and Soils.....................................................................................................................4-32
 
4.4.3
 
Topography and Rivers.............................................................................................................4-35
 
4.4.4
 
Vegetation...............................................................................................................................4-37 
 
4.4.5
 
 Aquatic Flora............................................................................................................................4-43
 
4.4.6
 
Wildlife.....................................................................................................................................4-46
 
4.4.7 
 
 Aquatic Fauna..........................................................................................................................4-51
 
4.4.8
 
Land Use..................................................................................................................................4-71
 
4.5
 
Z
ONE
3:
 
C
ONSTRUCTION
S
ITES FOR
D
AM
,
 
P
OWERHOUSE AND
P
ENSTOCK
............................................................4-72
 
4.5.1
 
Site Geology.............................................................................................................................4-73
 
4.5.2
 
Vegetation...............................................................................................................................4-74
 
4.6
 
Z
ONE
4:
 
R
ESERVOIR
A
REA
.......................................................................................................................4-75
 
4.6.1
 
Soil...........................................................................................................................................4-76
 
4.6.2
 
Vegetation...............................................................................................................................4-77 
 
4.6.3
 
Wildlife.....................................................................................................................................4-98
 
4.6.4
 
Land Use..................................................................................................................................4-98
 
4.7
 
Z
ONE
5:
 
T
RANSMISSION
-
LINE
‘R
IGHT OF
W
AY
’.............................................................................................4-99
 
4.7.1
 
Topography..............................................................................................................................4-99
 
4.7.2
 
Soil.........................................................................................................................................4-101
 
4.7.3
 
Land Use................................................................................................................................4-101
 
4.8
 
Z
ONE
6:
 
T
HE
W
ATER OF
P
ADAS
,
 
M
ALIGAN
,
 
K
ETANUM AND
M
ENGALONG
R
IVERS
...............................................4-106
 
4.8.1
 
Baseline Water Quality Condition...........................................................................................4-109
 
4.9
 
S
UMMARY AND
C
ONCLUSIONS
................................................................................................................4-127
 
4.10
 
P
LATES
.............................................................................................................................................4-130
 
CHAPTER 5
 
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND POTENTIAL MITIGATING MEASURES..................5-1
 
5.1
 
I
NTRODUCTION
.......................................................................................................................................5-1
 
5.2
 
I
NVESTIGATION AND
P
REPARATION
S
TAGE
:
 
D
AM AND
P
OWER
H
OUSE
..................................................................5-6
 
5.2.1
 
Invasive Site Investigations: Geology...........................................................................................5-6
 
5.2.2
 
Hydraulics Investigations............................................................................................................5-7 
 
5.2.3
 
Disclosure and Communication...................................................................................................5-7 
 
5.2.4
 
Land Use Planning (Catchment Area Management, Right of Way)...............................................5-8
 
5.2.5
 
Resettlement............................................................................................................................5-10
 
5.2.6
 
Land Acquisition.......................................................................................................................5-10
 
5.2.7 
 
Temporary Access.....................................................................................................................5-11
 
5.3
 
I
NVESTIGATION AND
P
REPARATION
S
TAGE
:
 
T
RANSMISSION
-
LINE
.......................................................................5-11
 
5.3.1
 
Selection of Options..................................................................................................................5-11
 
5.3.2
 
Topographic, Geological and Soils Investigations......................................................................5-13
 
5.3.3
 
Disclosure and Communication.................................................................................................5-13
 
5.4
 
C
ONSTRUCTION
S
TAGE
...........................................................................................................................5-13
 
5.4.1
 
Procurement............................................................................................................................5-13
 
5.4.2
 
Transfer and Mobilization Operations.......................................................................................5-14
 
5.4.3
 
Workshops and Other Mechanical Support Facilities.................................................................5-17 
 
5.4.4
 
Quarries...................................................................................................................................5-18
 

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