Elements of removable partial dentures
removable partial denture
is a metallic structure supporting artificial teeth,destined to recover the six following oral functions: chewing, aesthetic, phonetic, weakenedtooth stabilization, prevention of inclination migration or drawing of remaining teeth,muscular balance in the face.
Without making difficult the voluntaryremoval of the prosthetic, the clasps musthave enough retention to avoid thedislocation of the prosthetic duringfunctional efforts.Three measuring instruments can be usedto calibrate the retention:
Types of clasps:
- Circumferential clasps- Simple (Ackers)- Ney n°1- Twin (Bonwill)- Back-action (Nally Martinez)- M.D. (Equipoise)- Bar clasps- Roach (T)- R.P.I.- Ney n°2- Diverse clasps- Contention- Kennedy clasp
Not to confuse the anatomicalequator of the tooth (bigger contour) withthe prosthetic equator (equator in relationbetween all the teeth).The opposition clasps (without retention)are indicated for
the types of retentionclasps.The indication of the
type of clasp
to beused depends on the size and thelocalization of the toothless spaces, thedegree of inclination and the availableretention of the teeth.The volume of the muscular insertions, theaesthetic and the comfort of the patientare also determinative.
The function of the rests is to assure that apart or the totality loads exerted on theartificial teeth during chewing aretransmitted to the support teeth. They arealways connected to the minor connectors,and have a function of protection from thepapillas against crushing.
Types of rests
:- Oclusal rest- Simples- Double- Twin- Cingulum rest- Incisal rest- Macro restWrightWrongThe ideal form of the simple clasp:
In tip - Half Moon