ions through the membrane by binding chemically with them and shuttling them through the membrane in thisform.
because a substance transported in this manner diffuses through the membrane usinga specific carrier protein to help; the carrier
diffusion of the substance to the other side.
Although the rate of simple diffusion through an open channel increases proportionately with the concentration of the diffusing substance, in facilitated diffusion the rate of diffusion approaches a maximum, called V
as theconcentration of the diffusing substance increases
Transport of sodium andpotassium ions throughprotein channels. Also shownare conformational changesin the protein molecules toopen or close "gates"guarding the channels.
Effect of concentration of a substanceon rate of diffusion through amembrane by simple diffusion andfacilitated diffusion. This shows thatfacilitated diffusion approaches amaximum rate called the V