Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Networks and Social Imagination (from "The Net Effect" by Thomas Streeter)

Networks and Social Imagination (from "The Net Effect" by Thomas Streeter)

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,221|Likes:
Published by NYU Press
or a limited time only, read an excerpt from Thomas Streeter's fascinating new book, The Net Effect: Romanticism, Capitalism, and the Internet (Critical Cultural Communication), at Scribd.com.
or a limited time only, read an excerpt from Thomas Streeter's fascinating new book, The Net Effect: Romanticism, Capitalism, and the Internet (Critical Cultural Communication), at Scribd.com.

More info:

Published by: NYU Press on Dec 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
This book can be read on up to 6 mobile devices.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Networks and the Social Imagination
One can take issue whether the technical designs that emerge out o that [collab-orative] process are the best possible, but it is ar more important that they actu-ally come into existence by a process that is open—architecturally open, politicallyopen, that new people come in regularly, that the results are distributed ree o charge around the world to everybody. Te enormous power o those very simpleconcepts is very hard to convey to people who have not experienced them.
—Steve Crocker
when can a prso usig  omputr b sid to b tig lo,d  r ty tig it otrs? At rst gl, strig t  mooromsr d typig r ommds to ot to d itrt ovr  torkis rdly dirt rom ogurig  sprdst o  Appl II. Bot ivolvsotri itrtio it  mi d ld tmslvs to  obsssiv bsorp-tio; bot  v t t o rmovig o’s tttio rom t pysillyproximt prso i t xt room. But, i t Uitd Stts i t 1980s, ortos rro irls o idividuls ivolvd i vrious stgs o t rly dvlop-mt o t itrt, tr r ky dirs bt tir xpri d txpri o t millios o r outrig miroomputrs, d tosdirs lt tmslvs to dirt possibilitis or rtiultio it lrgrvisios. I usig  std-lo miroomputr i t rly dys lt itsl to lig o Lok utoomy rom otrs, usig  omputr tork ould vsomtig o t rvrs t; orkig o  omputr trmil otd to tork, prtiulrly ovr tim, orgrouds t soil otios mbdddi t tology. Ayo o s d to itrv i  disussio list or i t room to kp tigs goig smootly—by, sy, givig til dvi to bi or by ourgig  fmr to modrt tir to or t sk o grouprmoy—s d  smll tst o tis t.
Attention becomes directed towardsthe social mechanics o interaction within a system
.O ould’t v ko it t t tim by rdig
, but, look-ig bk, it is o lr tt t 1980s s  tim o grt dvmts i om-putr torkig. Wil t U.S. mistrm s romig t trprur-il tl o t std-lo miroomputr i t 1980s, outsid o t limligt,mjor dvlopmts r tkig pl it rtr dirt politil oot-
Networks and the Social Imagination
tios. By 1980, pkt sitig s stblisd s  prtil ms o ommu-itio bot o t xprimtl itrt d t orkig X.25 torks ttotd bks d rsr lbs. Etrt (s ll s omptig tok rig dARCNE) lol r torkig tology bm ommrilly vibl, dt bsi udrlyig protools or tody’s itrt, CP/IP, r put ito pl,tstd, d vily dvlopd. Commril omputr torks lik Compusrvd Prodigy r lud, smll omputr bullti bord systms strtd tosprd, d my uivrsity omputr sitists bg to ommuit ovr tlo-ost Ust systm. Fr ld t orld ito osumr us o omputrtorks it its tioid Miitl systm, lud by t Fr post o,tt llod milig d lookig up iormtio o trmils i t oms o itizs. For  substtil sgmt o t ommuity o omputr girs, t-orkig s r t tr o tir tttio i t 1980s.Bus ts vts did ot tr t brodr publi y i t U.S. util dd ltr, ovr,  brod disussio o t ppd i t 1980s ourrdoly tr t t. Ad, s popl v lookd bk to gur out r tismzig tig lld t itrt m rom, t ort bm  opportuityor mu giogrpy d ot  littl politil mytmkig, bot ittiold ot. For xmpl, i rspos to t ommo (i bsurd) mid-1990s bito ttributig t ris o t itrt to t r mrkt,
Mil d RodHub publisd  sris o rtils d  book tt md  strog s tt tris o t itrt s du to timrkt, ommuitri priipls osisttit t 1960s N Lt. Hord Rigold d otrs i Strt Brd’s irlgrtd omputr torkig oto t N Commulism. Ad umrous pot-td istoris d timlis o t itrt pprd i prit d o t itrtitsl, ot rftig vrious politil ilitios i tir sltio o dtils.Si ts rly orts, t disussio s mturd, d  mor srious is-toril litrtur o t volutio o t itrt d omputr ommuitios pprd. Works by Jt Abbt, Pul Cruzzi, d Jms Gillis d Rob-rt Cilliu v providd mu r dtil d rul lysis.
But o o tstrikig tigs bout tis r litrtur is tt, il it is rul ot to rus toimpos politil ssumptios oto t istoril dtil, politil qustios kprsurig. T impt o t itrt s b so lrg, d its origis so dis-tit, tt o ot lp but odr bout t implitios o tis ours o vts or udrstdig politis d soil rltios.Hr I ill ous o  , illustrtiv pisods i t volutio o torkigi t 1980s, it  y o t mks tm politilly uusul d troritriguig. Prvious ork s dmostrtd svrl importt poits. First, titrt most rtily s ot rtd by to guys i  grg, by smll tr-prurs oprtig i  lssi r mrkt. It s dvlopd isid Hugs’s
Networks and the Social Imagination
militry-idustril-uivrsity omplx—t  momt  tt omplx sudrgoig sigit gs. Tis t lo srvs  importt rjoidr tomrkt udmtlists d librtris. But it is lso importt tt t lrgrdvlopmt rmork s tt stblisd by Vvr Bus. Privt orpo-rtios r ivolvd i t itrt rly o d r or t most prt lysimgid to b trl to tvr orm t tology ould tk s it mturd;t simpl t tt rly itrt dvlopmt s udd by tx rvus dosot by itsl orm, sy,  N Lt positio it rgrd to orportios.Sod, prt o t distiguiss t rly itrt dvlopmt rom ltr-tiv torkig orts i t 1980s is  uusul ultur o iorml, op,orizotl ooprtio—tt vry distit st o prtis tt r iompltlysummrizd tody udr prss su s “roug ossus d ruig od,”d “d-to-d dsig.”
T rol o ts prtis i t istory o t itrts bom somtig o  politil ootbll; blssd by tir glogil rl-tio to o o t mjor tologil suss storis o t ttit tury,ty r limd s supportig vid by lssi orport librls, librtr-is, dmorti soilists, d rists lik. It is importt to gt byod tsimplisti vrsios o ts ppropritios. Frd urr s md t importtpoit tt ridly orizotl ollbortio mog girs is rdly by itsl gurtor o politil dmory brodly ostrud, d it is i t istorillyosistt it utorti d igly opprssiv politil struturs, lik t oldr orts o t 1950s. Ad t istory is lr tt, to t xtt tr is  poli-tis to itrt dvlopmt, it is ot somtig tt  b rd o o t politi-l ors o prtiulr girs; rigt- d lt-igrs, ks d dovs, llmd importt otributios, ot i ooprtio it o otr.Tis ptr rfts o to ists o   d uusul st o prtistt mrgd roud 1980, ys o soil d tologil orgiztio tt irtrospt sm rltivly politilly stisyig d prtilly tiv. First, itlooks t t dvlopmt o  ip dsig mtods i t lt 1970s, i ldto VLSI (Vry Lrg Sl Itgrtio) miroprossors i t 1980s. Wil otlys listd i t i o dvlopmts tt ld to t itrt, t VLSI ipdsig pross s ky to mitiig t momtum o Moors L d st toditios or t prd o vr-improvig miroprossors d grpis ipso top o i t itrt s built. For my purposs, it ily illustrts tdisovry isid omputr girig o t sr til vlu o tttio tosoil pross d to op, torkd, orizotl rltios. Sod, t ptrdisusss t mu mor lrly politil oomi momt durig i tARPANE orts r split o rom t militry d quitly trsrrd toNSF udig. Wt is distit bout tis rmrkbl momt is, ot just tspirit o opss, but t us o tt kid o op ollbortio to rully

Activity (11)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
pastorjim46755 liked this
Oxony20 liked this
Oxony20 liked this
Oxony20 liked this
Oxony20 liked this
Jack Carney liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->