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Tawbah [Repentance]:: First Step on the Path of Inner Purification

Tawbah [Repentance]:: First Step on the Path of Inner Purification

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Published by: Muhammad Sa'id Hunafa on Dec 14, 2010
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Tawbah [Repentance]:First Step on the Path of Inner Purification
O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what youhave done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the skyand were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you.
 [Hadith Qudsi]  
Jaami’a Muhammadiyya
 114 Madinah Rd.Madinah VillageCommerce GA 30530 
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim Wa Sall Allahu ta ‘ala ‘alaa Sayyidinaa wa
Muhammadin w ‘alaa Aalihit Taahireen was Ashaabihil Akrameen wa ‘alaa Ummatihiajma’eena birahmatika Yaa Arhamar Rahimeen.
  Concerning Tawbah which literally means to return or to turn back, as in turning back around and facing the right direction after  being lost (in sin) and walking in the wrong
direction, Allahu ta ‘ala says:
Allah has promised  those who have imaan (faith) and do good works [that] theirs shall beforgiveness of sins, and a mighty reward; [Surah Maidah;5:9]
If any one does evil or wrongs his own soul but afterwards seeks God's forgiveness, he willfind God Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.Surah 4 Verse 110
Sayyidinaa Ibn Abbas
Radhi Allahu ‘anhu
commented about this verse saying that Allahinforms His servants of His forgiveness, forbearing generosity and expansive mercy. So,
whoever commits a sin, whether major or minor, ‘but afterwards seeks Allah’s fo
rgiveness,he will find Allah Oft-
forgiving, Most Merciful’ even if his sins were greater than the
heavens, the earth and the mountains.It is also narrated by Ahmad that Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr
Radhi Allahu ‘anhu
said that Prophet Muhammad (
Sall Allahu ‘alai
hi wa Aalihi wa sallim) said: 
‘No Muslim commits a sin and then performs ablution, prays two
and begs Allah for
forgiveness for that sin, but He forgives him.’
  If a believer makes mistakes, and we all do, we have to offer sincere repentance to beentitled to forgiveness. In Islam, sincere repentance is known as
. This requires usto; 
Recognize and admit we have made a mistake
Ask forgiveness from Allah and if the sin was against a person, we have to ask forgiveness from that person also
We try to atone for the sin we have done if possible, by for example, returningmoney if we had stolen it 
We make the intention never to do the sin again  A
l Imam Qushayri Radhi Allahu ‘anhu mentions in “Risaalatul Qushayriyya”. Allah says,“Turn all
together towards Allah [in repentance] O Believers that you may attain bliss[24:23].  It has been reported on the authority of Sayyidinaa Anas bin Malik Radhi Allahu
that Rasulullah
Sall Allahu ‘alaihi
wa Aalihi wa sallim said, “The one who
repentsfrom sin is like one without sin, and if Allah loves a servant,
sin does not adhere to him.”The he recited, “Innallaha yuhibbut tawwabeena wa yuhibbul mutatahhireen” [Indeed
 Allah loves these who turn unto him [in repentance}, and He loves those who purifythemselves] [2:222].
It was asked, “Ya Rasulullah
Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa salli
what is the sign of repentance?” He replied, “Remorse.”
   We are told many times in the Al Qur'an Majid that Allah
u ta ‘ala
is the Oft-returning, Most Merciful. We understand from this that Allah is waiting for us to turn to Him in sincererepentance. If we are sincere, then Allah will have mercy on us. 
We are also advised to ‘follow a bad deed with a good deed’. This means, as soon as we
realize we have done something wrong, we should immediately try to do something good. We should try to maintain the five times daily prayer,
. This builds our relationshipwith Allah. During the prayer we recite the
in which we ask Allah for guidance. In a
hadith Qudsi 
(conversation between Allah and His Prophet which is not part of Al Qur'anMajid), it is explained that the prayer is divided into two parts, part is for Allah and part isfor the worshipper. Allah promises to give the worshipper what she or he asks for
! It is also necessary to read the Qur’an to understand and implement this
guidance from Allah in our daily lives. BothSahih BukhariandSahih Muslimrecord the
of Abu Sa’id (Radhi Allahu ‘anhu
)that Prophet Muhammad (
Sall Allahu ‘
alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim) told about the man whokilled ninety-nine people. Later on, he regretted it and asked a worshipper, among theChildren of Israel, whether he could repent. This worshiper told him no! So, he killed him,thus, completing one hundred. Then he asked one of their scholars whether he could
repent. He said: ‘What is stopping you from repenting?’
Then he told him to go to a townwhere Allah was worshipped. He set out for that town, but death came to him while he wason the road. The angels of mercy and the angels of punishment disputed over him. So Allahcommanded them to measure the distance between the two towns, and the place where hedied. Whichever (town) he was closer to, when he died, was the one to which he belonged.They found he was closer to the town he was heading for. Thus, the angels of mercy took him. It was said that when he was dying, he moved himself - towards that town - whileAllah commanded the good town to move closer to him and the other town to move away. 

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