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Heat Transfer

Heat Transfer

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Published by: kiran.76100 on Dec 14, 2010
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05/09/2015

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Tutorial: Solving a Conjugate Heat Transfer Problem using 
FLUENT
Introduction
The physics of conjugate heat transfer is common in many engineering applications, includ-ing heat exchangers, HVAC, and electronic component design. The purpose of this tutorialis to provide guidelines and recommendations for setting up and solving a conjugate heattransfer problem using
FLUENT
.The geometry and flow domain consists of a flat circuit board with a heat generating elec-tronic chip mounted on it. Heat is conducted through the source (chip) and the board onwhich it is mounted. A laminar stream of air flows over the board and the chip, causing si-multaneous cooling of the solid components and heating of the air stream due to convection.Thermal energy is also transported due to the complex flow field.In this tutorial, you will:
Set up appropriate boundary conditions for a conjugate heat transfer simulation in
FLUENT
.
Enable source terms for specified zones.
Perform flow and energy calculations using various materials (both solid and fluid).
Manipulate mesh adaption registers and perform Boolean operations on them.
Perform mesh adaption and verify that the solution is mesh independent.
Prerequisites
This tutorial assumes that you are familiar with the
FLUENT
interface and that you havea good understanding of the basic setup and solution procedures. Some steps will not beshown explicitly.You will perform postprocessing related only to mesh adaption and verification of a meshindependent solution. For detailed postprocessing of this simulation, refer toTutorial 22:Postprocessingin the
FLUENT
6.2 Tutorial Guide.
c
Fluent Inc. August 31, 2005
1
 
Solving a Conjugate Heat Transfer Problem using 
FLUENT
Problem Description
The problem considered is shown schematically in Figure1. The configuration consists of a series of heat-generating electronic chips mounted on a circuit board. Air flow, confinedbetween the circuit board and an upper wall, cools the chips and the board. As the airflows over the chips and the board, its temperature rises. Taking the symmetry of theconfiguration into consideration, the model extends from the middle of one chip to theplane of symmetry between it and the next chip.As shown in Figure1, each half chip is assumed to generate 1 Watt and have a thermalconductivity of 1.0 W/m-K. The circuit board conductivity is assumed to be one order of magnitude lower, at 0.1 W/m-K. Air enters the system at 298 K with a velocity of 0.5 m/s.The inlet Reynolds number (based on the spacing between the upper and lower walls) isaround 870 and thus, the flow is treated as laminar.Figure 1: Problem Schematic
Preparation
1. Copy the mesh file,
chip3d.msh.gz
to your working directory.2. Start the 3D version of 
FLUENT
.
c
Fluent Inc. August 31, 2005
 
Solving a Conjugate Heat Transfer Problem using 
FLUENT
Setup and Solution
Step 1: Grid
1. Read the mesh file (
chip3d.msh.gz
).2. Set inches as the working unit for length.
Grid
Scale...
(a) Under
Unit Conversion
, select
in
from the
Grid Was Created In
drop-down list.(b) Click
Change Length Units
.3. Check the grid.
Ensure that there are no negative volumes.
4. Display the grid (Figure2).Figure 2: Grid Display
Step 2: Models
1. Define the solver settings.(a) Under
Gradient Option
, select
Node-Based
.(b) Retain the default settings for the other parameters.2. Enable the
Energy Equation
.3. Define a laminar flow simulation.
Define
Models
Viscous...
c
Fluent Inc. August 31, 2005

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