In low resource countries girls and women are suffering from unnecessary maternalmortality and maternal morbitity. Giving birth remains one of the biggest health risks forwomen worldwide. Fifteen hundred women die every day while during the process of giving birth or having unsafe abortions. Teenage girls die because of health complicationsduring pregnancy and childbirth because their bodies are too young.Research indicates that around 80 percent of the half a million maternal deaths arepreventable if women have access to essential maternity and basic health care services.Educating girls and boys and young women and men on sexuality and family planning isone of the most powerful ways of breaking the poverty trap and creating a safeenvironment for maternal and newborn health. Furthermore, informing (young) peopleon sexual and reproductive health is one of the human rights recognized by mostcountries in the world.
refers to women’s illnesses and injuries that occur caused by andduring pregnancy and childbirth or within 42 days after giving birth. They can be acute orchronic, lasting for months or even years or forever.For 120 million women who are giving birth every year 10 – 20 million women and girlsunattended pregnancy or unsafe abortion can lead to most severe consequents. . (WHO2000). They suffer from different disabilities. Some of the major causes of maternalmorbidity are unsafe abortions, obstetric fistula, peurperal infection, anaemia, infertility,ectopic pregnancy, depression and suicide. These is causing long-term physical, socialand economic problems and abandoning from her family and the society that could easilybe prevented.
Comprehensive sexuality education
Access to comprehensive sexualilty education prevents maternal mortality and morbidity.Informing young people, men and women on sexuality, contraception andreproductivity has a strong positive influence on maternal health and well being and inthe prevention of unwanted pregnancies. It enables them to make their own informedchoices about sexuality, pregnancy and family planning. To maximize it’s effectivitysexuality education should be comprehensive rather than given only from a morality(abstinence only), health or rights based perspective.Comprehensive sexuality education:
discusses all aspects of sexuality and presents all available options to help(young) people lead healthy and satisfactory sexual and reproductive lives.
Is based on (young) people’s sexual and reproductive rights
Is positive in nature
Recognizes the diversity of (young) people with regard to sexual development,identity, relationships, health and culture
Gives (young) people the necessary support and information to make healthychoices regarding sexuality and family planning All options are open to explorationand no specific option is communicated as the best.