, as well as authorization to send American economic andmilitary advisers to the two countries. It was designed primarily to overcome public and congressional opposition to UnitedStates' direct involvement in Europe.
- the primary plan of the United States for rebuilding and creating a stronger foundation for the countries of Western Europe, and repelling communismafter World War II.
Brought supplies to the people of Berlin during the war.
, and the organization constitutes a system of collective defense whereby its member states agree to
mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.
National Security Act 1947
- mandated a major reorganization of the foreign policy and military establishments of the U.S.Government. The act created many of the institutions that Presidents found useful when formulating and implementingforeign policy, including the National Security Council (NSC). The Council itself included the President, Vice President,Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, and other members (such as the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency), whomet at the White House to discuss both long-term problems and more immediate national security crises.