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Factors Affecting the Deterioration of Educational System in the Philippines

Factors Affecting the Deterioration of Educational System in the Philippines

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Published by Jim Dandy Capaz

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Published by: Jim Dandy Capaz on Dec 14, 2010
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Factors Affecting the Deterioration of EducationalSystem in the Philippines
Philippines is the midst of struggle in combating variousissues such as the economic problems, political and even ineducational system. This essay tackles on the factors affectingthe deterioration of educational system in our country. To theFilipino, knowledge is acquired through education. Although theygenerally agree that education can be obtained inside andoutside school, they believe that the primary sources ofknowledge are the schools. Thus, the higher a person goes up theformal educational ladder, the more knowledge ho or she acquiresand expectedly, the more wealth he or she generates or produced.Being wealthy means having power, influence and social prestige.Thus, earning a college diploma means acquiring the key toeconomic ands social opportunities. The supreme ambition ofevery Filipino family, therefore, is to send every child tocollege regardless of the sacrifices it might entail on the partof at least one of the children, preferably the oldest child,should get a college degree so that he or she can take care ofa younger siblings education. The study of Filipino perceptionsof schooling revealed that Filipino¶s have a clear idea of thepurpose of formal education. They even viewed education as aprocess of human capital formation. This just shows howFilipinos value the importance of education.
 In my research I found out that the Philippines has beenconsidered as the leader in education in South Asia region. By1870, the country had achieved universal primary enrollment.These successes, however, must a long term deterioration inquality, and the national figures obscured wide regionaldifferences. In manila close to 100 per cent of studentsfinished primary school, whereas Mindanao and Eastern Visayasless than 30 per cent of student finished primary.Experts suggested several factor in this deterioration. Thecited that Philippine education is one of the shortest in theworld in terms of the performance in education Some of thosemajor factors are to be mentioned as this piece goes on«There is confusion in English and Filipino as languages forinstruction. Communication of many students became a mixture of
and English words called ³
´. For the purists thisis a tragedy! Aside from this, another reason is economic innature aided by corruption in a government. To save money , theyagency once came up to solution: the mass promotion of pupils inelementary when teachers were made to make interesting lessonplans and perfect report s to satisfy school heads who in turnsubmit this to the higher authorities in the divisions, regionaland central offices. This reports were able to whitewash and
hide the problem. What can these teachers do? Kill them inproducing these lesson plans and nice reports and teach thestudents at the same time? It takes many hours in producing onevery nice and detailed lesson as well as makes the necessaryvisual aides. Most of the time, the poor elementary teacherswould set down and write while letting the pupils copy thelessons on the board. They have no more time in explaining thelessons to the pupils. And the problem is like an avalanche or alandslides on the mountains which starts with smallest problemat the top rushing down to the bottom. The top being theelementary level.Another big factor is poverty. Many Filipinos and poorareas can hardly send their children to school because they haveno money to buy school requirements¶ such as uniforms,notebooks, papers, and writing materials as well as the manyprojects in all subject areas. Instead of going t school, Asthey should, this children are force to work to help in thefamily finances.One factor that helps pull down the quality of oureducation is too much politics. Every time there is a newgovernment, plum positions like heads of agencies to cronies orloyal friends even if they are not qualified to hold suchpositions. The department of education is not an exception tothis. How many secretaries or formerly ministers,undersecretaries and regional heads create projects, programs or

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