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Linguistics

Linguistics

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Published by Joel Bowers

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Published by: Joel Bowers on Dec 14, 2010
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LINGUISTIC CONNECTIONS
A Paleolithic Language
by R. Cedric Leonard
Linguists have believed for some time now that a language exists today whichcan be traced back to the Stone Age. Just how far back is uncertain, but atleast as far back as the Neolithic Age (Renan, 1873; Ripley, 1899). Whether ornot it can be traced further back into the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) remainsto be seen. The huge areas once covered by this language and its close relativesare the very same areas which were occupied by Cro-Magnon Man of thePaleolithic Age: a strong indicator that this language was that of Cro-MagnonMan. Since we are looking at a Stone Age language which survived to thepresent-day, in making our analysis of this remarkable phenomenon it will behelpful to know where the Cro-Magnon people still live today. So, who werethe survivors of Atlantis?
THE SURVIVORS OF ATLANTIS
Generally, modern Cro-Magnon people can be found in certain parts of Western Europe, North Africa and some of the Atlantic Islands today.Physical anthropologists agree that Cro-Magnon is represented in moderntimes by the Berber and Tuareg peoples of North Africa, the recently extinctGuanches of theCanary Isles, the Basques of northern Spain, the Aquitaniansliving in the Dordogne Valley and Brittany in France; and until lately, thoseliving on the Isle d'Oleron. (Howells, 1967; Lundman, 1977; Hiernaux, 1975,
et al 
.)²this indicated by obviously Cro-Magnoid skulls.Except for some shrinkage of areas, this is the same distribution pattern forCro-Magnon as existed in Upper Paleolithic times. Many of these same peoplesare distinguished in calling themselves by names using the suffix "tani," fromthe Mauritani of North Africa to the Bretani (thus also
 Brittany
) of the BritishIsles (Martins, 1930). (For the latest theory of the origin of the Bretons click Here.)Among the modern Berbers in northwest Africa, the lightest skin pigmentationrecorded is that of the Rifians, the most European-looking Berbers. Tenpercent have light brown or blond hair. The blonds tend to be golden, orreddish; only rarely ash blond. (Coon, 1965) Concerning "blondism" amongthe Tuaregs and Berbers, Dr. Jean Hiernaux, Director of Research at theNational Centre for Scientific Research in Paris, writes:"The relatively high incidence of blondism in North Africa hasraised much speculation. Has it evolved locally, or does it
 
represent an admixture of European elements from an areawhere blondism has a high incidence? Both views are tenable."(Hiernaux, 1975)Although Hiernaux seems to favor possible genetic influence from northernEurope, I believe the long-term evidence clearly demonstrates an innatereluctance among Cro-Magnons to interact linguistically, culturally, orsexually with their neighbors, especially in ancient times, as reiterated bynumerousethnologists,linguists, andanthropologists. The important thing in regard to their particular pattern of distribution is thatwhen the languages of these people are analyzed, it is apparent that they speak languages that are related to each other, but not related to the other languagesspoken throughout Europe and the Near East. I have named this family of languages the Berber-Ibero-Basque Complex. The languages involved are veryold, going back at least to the Neolithic Age, and possibly dating back to thePaleolithic cultures of the Ice Age.
AQUITANIAN AND LUSITANIAN
Not much is known of these two languages²Aquitanian and Lusitanianinscriptions are nonexistent in the original script. The Aquitanian and Basquelanguages are presently believed to be remnants of an Ice Age Paleolithiclanguage spoken in Western Europe. Other than a few place and tribe namestransmitted by Greek and Latin writers, the main data come from Latininscriptions found mainly along the high basin of the Garonne in Aquitania.(Gorrochategui, 2003)With regard to the relations between it and the Iberian and Basque languages,the Aquitanian language is a kind of missing link, but a very special one.Aquitanian names resemble the Iberian personal names. Many, especially thegod names, are compounded in the same manner as the Iberian ones. TheRoman geographer Strabo (
eography
, IV,1,1) states that their language andphysical appearance demonstrate their kinship to Iberians.Archaeological, toponymical and historical evidence strongly suggest thatAquitanian was a dialect of the Basque language. The evidence appears asvotive and funerary inscriptions found along the Rhine River (at Hagenbach),inscribed in Latin characters, which contain some four hundred personalnames as well as numerous names of deities. Aquitanian has even beensuggested as the
 forerunner 
of Basque. (Trask, 1997)As a matter of fact, the Aquitanian language is considered by many to be OldBasque: this because of the coincidence between Aquitanian personal namebases and the Basque lexicon (i.e., meanings of the names can be determinedusing a Basque lexicon). According to Gorrochategui (1993), most Aquitaniannames have admissible interpretations by the Basque lexicon, especially thenames of Aquitanian deities.Even less is known of another Iberian language spoken by the Lusitani of 
 
western Iberia. The Lusitanians were the most numerous people in the westernarea of the Iberian peninsula, and even though there are those who point to theAlps as a possible origin, others believe they were an indigeneous Iberian tribe.I concur with the latter as far as it goes, but their ultimate origin, I believe, isAtlantis.With the passage of time the Lusitanian language succumbed to the pressureand prestige of Latin, and as a result has totally disappeared from usage. Dueto the brevity of ancient Lusitanian texts, and the fact that only a very smallnumber of Portuguese words seem to be derived from the Lusitanian language(Zdravko Batzarov), the affiliation of Lusitanian remains in debate.Portuguese is, of course, an Indo-European language.The most famous Lusitanian inscriptions arethose from Cabeço de Fraguas and Lamas de Moledo inPortugal and Arroyo de la Luz in Spain (shown on theright). All known Lusitanian inscriptions are written inthe Latin alphabet.Ulrich Schmoll (1959) proposed a language branch which he called "Galician-Lusitanian". And there are fundamental suspicions that the area of theGallaecian tribes (North of Portugal and Galicia), that is, all the northwesternarea of the Iberian peninsula, spoke languages related to Lusitanian, ratherthan the Keltic as once believed. All these issues are still being hotly debatedby professional linguists and philologists.
THE BERBER-IBERO-BASQUE LANGUAGE COMPLEX
What I will endeavor to show here is that the various dialects of what I believewas the original language of the Atlanteans accompanied the Cro-Magnonpeople as they swept into the western portions of Europe and Africa fromAtlantis. The remains of this phenomenon exist to this day in what I call the
 Berber-Ibero-Basque Language Complex 
. This complex stretched fromMorocco in North Africa, across Gibraltar into the Iberian peninsula, on upinto the Dordogne Valley of France and Brittany, continuing northward to theBritish Isles.(Click for Map)If such an Atlantic language did exist, we willhave identified the Atlantean language, at least provisionally. At the very least,we can ask if such a unified, widespread language did not come from Atlantis,from where did it come?Professional anthropologists have already postulated, in a classic work onEuropean ethnology, that the modern day Basque people of the Pyrenees
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