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Math Worksheet-Functions

Math Worksheet-Functions

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Published by EducareLab
Math worksheet on Functions. The worksheet includes notes, solved problems and practice problems.
Math worksheet on Functions. The worksheet includes notes, solved problems and practice problems.

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Published by: EducareLab on Dec 14, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/31/2013

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Functions
A function is a special relationship between two sets such that for each element xin its domain there is assigned one and only one element y in its range.
A function creates the uniqueness of the assignment. There cannot be assignedtwo values of y to one x.
In a function, no two ordered pairs can have the same initial element and adifferent second element.
There will be no ordered pairs in a function, that will be in the form (
1
,
1
) and(
2
,
2
) with
1
=
2
and
1
 
 
2
.
The correspondence between x and y is usually expressed with the functionnotation: y = f(x), where y is called the dependent variable and x is called theindependent variable.
The value of y depends on the value of x plugged into the function.For example, the square root function can be written as y = f (x) = . Tocalculate the correspondence for x = 4, we get y = f (4) = = 2. The square rootfunction assigns the unique y value of 2 to the x value of 4. Most expressions canbe turned into functions.For example, the expression becomes the functionf(x)=Relations and functions in mathematics involves relation between the pairs ofobjects in certain order.
(0,1)
In mathematics too, we come across relations such as
.
 
A
is a subset of
B
 
.
line
l
is parallel to line
m
 
.
number
m
is less than number
n
.
A function expresses the intuitive idea that one quantity (the argument of thefunction, also known as its input) completely determines another quantity (thevalue of the function or output).
 
 
Types of Functions
 
Onto function:
A function is said to be an onto then all the element bin the co-domain, there is at least one element
in the domain such that
=
(
)
This can be restated as: A function is onto when its image equals its range, i.e.
(X) = Y.is an onto functionis not an onto function
 
One-to-one function
:If the domain element is associated exactly with all theelement rang of the function then it is a one-to-one function. if domain (A) havetwo different elements and co-domain (B) have different images.is 1-1 providedimplies ,is 1-1 providedimplies
 
Identity function:
A function is said to be identity function if f is a set of A and itwill also be the set of same A.Example:
f(y) = y
 
 
 
Constant function:
if the range of a function is a singleton set then the functionis called a constant function.f(x) = 10 then f (15) = 10Here f is called the constant function. Whatever comes in to f, thenumber 10 comes out
 
Linear function:
If a function
: R
R is defined in the form
(
) =
ax 
+
thenthe function is called a linear function. Here
and
are constants.
Example:1
f(x) = 3x + 4 substitute the value for x = 4Sol : Given f(x) = 3x + 4Substitute the value in equation x = 4Here the notation value has substitutedf(2) = 3(4) + 4Here we have multiplied by 3( 4 ) = 12f(2) = 12 + 4
f(2) = 16Example: 2
 f (x ) = x
2
+ 3x + 8 find the value of x = 4Sol : Given f (x) = x
2
+ 3x +8Substitute the value in equation x = 4Here the notation has substituted in given equationf(5) = 42 +3(4) +8Here 42 = 16 and 3 * 4 = 12= 16 + 12 +8Add the all numbers you will get the final answer=
36
 

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