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To find the area of the shaded region of a figure, subtract the area of the unshadedregion from the area of the entire figure.
Example: 1
What is the area of the shaded region formed by the circle and the rectangle in thefigure?A)B)C) 14D)E)Solution:To find the area of the shaded region subtract the area of the circle from the areaof the rectanglearea of rectangle - area of circle3.515The answer is (B)
Example: 2
In the figure below, the radius of the larger circle is three times that of the smaller circle.If the circles are concentric, what is the ratio of the shaded region’s area to the area ofthe smaller circle?

(A) 10:1(B) 9:1(C) 8:1(D) 3:1(E) 5:2Solution:Since we are not given the radii of the circles, we can choose any two positive numberssuch that one is three times the other. Let the outer radius be 3 and the inner radius be1. Then the area of the outer circle is , and the area of the inner circle is. So the area of the shaded region is .Hence, the ratio of the areaof the shaded region to the area of the smaller circle is . Therefore, the answer is(C).
“Birds- Eye” View
Most geometry problems on the SAT require straightforward calculations. However,some problems measure your insight into the basic rules of geometry. For this type ofproblem, you should step back and take a birds-eye view of the problem. The followingexample will illustrate
Example: 1
In the figure below, O is both the center of the circle with radius 2 and a vertex of thesquare OPRS. What is the length of diagonal PS?A)B)C) 4D) 2E)

Solution:The diagonals of a square are equal. Hence, line segment OR (not shown) is equal toSP. Now, OR is a radius of the circle and therefore OR = 2. Hence, SP = 2 as well, andthe answer is (D).
Eye-Balling
Surprisingly, on the SAT you can often solve geometry problems by merely eye-ballingthe given drawing. Even on problems whose answers you can’t get directly by looking,you often can eliminate a couple of the answer-choices.Unless stated otherwise, all figures are drawn exactly to scale. Hence, if an angle lookslike it’s about 90°, it is; if one figure looks like it’s about twice as large as another figure
Example:1
In the figure below, if , then what is the value of y?A) 20B) 45C) 55D) 75E) 110Solution:By eye-balling the drawing, we can see that y is less than. It appears to besomewhere between and . But 75° is the only answer-choice in that range.Hence, the answer is (D).

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