Solution:The diagonals of a square are equal. Hence, line segment OR (not shown) is equal toSP. Now, OR is a radius of the circle and therefore OR = 2. Hence, SP = 2 as well, andthe answer is (D).
Surprisingly, on the SAT you can often solve geometry problems by merely eye-ballingthe given drawing. Even on problems whose answers you can’t get directly by looking,you often can eliminate a couple of the answer-choices.Unless stated otherwise, all figures are drawn exactly to scale. Hence, if an angle lookslike it’s about 90°, it is; if one figure looks like it’s about twice as large as another figure
In the figure below, if , then what is the value of y?A) 20B) 45C) 55D) 75E) 110Solution:By eye-balling the drawing, we can see that y is less than. It appears to besomewhere between and . But 75° is the only answer-choice in that range.Hence, the answer is (D).