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Physics Notes For Tenth Class by Muhammad Arif Rattar

# Physics Notes For Tenth Class by Muhammad Arif Rattar

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11/09/2011

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FAMCY Educational institute of computer English Language and coaching center Created by Dr Asif Rattar =============================================================
CHAPTER NO 1INTRODUCTION OF PHYSICS Topics of the Chapter

a)
Introduction of physics
b)
Classification of science
c)
Branches of physics
d)
Most famous Muslim scientists
INTRODUCTION OF PHYSICS:Definition:
"It is branch of science which deals that the study aboutenergy and matter interaction between them is called Physics."
Energy
: Ability of doing work or capacity of doing work is calledenergy.
Matter:
Any thing which occupies space and mass is called matter.
Classification of Science:

Matter
:
Any thing which occupies space place and carry mass is calledmatter.
STATE OF MATTER
(1)
Gas:
It has no shape and has no volume.
(2)
Liquid:
It has no shape and has volume.
(3)
Solid:
It has shape and has volume.
(4)
Plasma:
It is a mixture of gas, solid and liquid is calledPlasma.

BRANCHES OF PHYSICS
Composed by M Arif Rattar

FAMCY Educational institute of computer English Language and coaching center Created by Dr Asif Rattar =============================================================
1.
Mechanics
:
It is branch of Physics in which, we study about themotion of particles or bodies is known as Mechanics.
2.
Electricit
y:
It is branch of Physics in which we study about theinvolving electric charges and effected is called Electricity, thecharges are rest motion.
3.
Electromagnetism
:
It is branch of Physics in which we study aboutthe electricity which produced by magnetic field.
4.
Solid-State Physics
:
It is branch of Physics in which we studyabout the property of crystalline material only, that is of materialconstituent in atoms are arranged in three dimensional.
5.
Nuclear Physics
:
It is branch of Physics in which we study aboutthe structural properties and reaction between the nuclei atom.
6.
Atomic Physics
:
It is branch of Physics in which we study aboutthe structure and properties of atoms, theses atom are present in thenucleus.
7.
Plasma Physics
:
It is branch of Physics in which we study aboutthe properties of highly ionized atom forming a mixture of bare nucleiand electrons.
8.
Bio Physics
:
It is branch of Physics in which we study about theapplication of physical methods and types of explanation to biophysical system.
9.
Astro-Physics
: It is branch of Physics in which we study about the properties and structure of stars and planets. It is also calledAstronomy.
MOST FAMOUS MUSLIM SCIENTISTS  ABU-ALI HUSSAIN IBN-AL-HAITHA
:
He was born in 965 A.D... He was born at Basra ahistorical city of Iraq. He was great scholar of Physics, Mathematics,engineering astronomy and medicine. He worked on optics. It is branchof Physics. His famous book was "Kitab-ul-manazir". He wrote the mostwonderful chapter of this book is on human eyes. According to this book "the light on entering the eye makes it emit light rays, which on hitting anobject make the object visible to the eye". Some of the incident light raysare reflected from the object and enter the eye. He constructed a pinholecamera and he managed to obtain an image of a "sun eclipse" with itshelp. He was first scientist to give two laws of reflection of light to theworld. He was died in 1039 A.D…
AL-BERUNI:
The most famous scholar of the golden age of Islam Al-Beruniwas born in a small town "Berun" in present day Afghanistan 973 A.D…
Composed by M Arif Rattar

FAMCY Educational institute of computer English Language and coaching center Created by Dr Asif Rattar =============================================================
He wrote a many book under the age of seventy five years. Such aresubject as Mathematics Cosmology, Physics Geography, History,Culture, Civilization, Archaeology, Comparative Religions, Geology,Chemistry and Biology. Al-Beruni discussed the measurement of earth,the shape of earth, the movement of sun and moon. The phase of themoon and the movement of the moon were known "Planets". Planetsabout writing the book are "Qanoon-Al-masoodi". He gave the method of determing the longitude and latitude of a place. He also determined thedensities of metals. He measured the circumference of the earth.
YAQUB KINDHI:

The famous Arab Philosopher Yaqub Kindhi was born 900A.D. in Basra. He produced extensive research monographs onmeteorology, specific gravity and especially work is reflection of light.He discussed about musical instruments. He discovered a method expressthe notes of music in term of frequencies. In addition to sound he alsoworked on geometrical optics. One his work optic was translated in Latin.
MUHAMMAD BIN MUSA KHWARZIMI:

He was born in 780 A.D. in the city of Khwarzimi.He was member of institution of learning the "Bait-ul-Haikmat". The twomonographs Hisab and Aljabar-wal-Maqabla. He introduced the methodof counting based on numbering and decimal system. One importantfeature of Khwarzimi is algebra is that he is used in geometricalconstruction for the first time for solving various algebraic problems. Hewas died in 850 A.D. in the age of 70 years.
NASUR- UD-DIN- MUHAMMAD BIN HASSAN TUSI:

The famous Muslim philosopher, Mathematician andscientist Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad Hassan Tusi was born in the city of Iran in 1201 A.D… He was the minister of Halaku Khan.
DR: ABDUL QADEER KHAN:

He was born on 1
st
April 1936 A.D. at Bhopal inIndia. He obtained M.Sc technology degree from Holland. He wasselected as research Assistant in the same university. His PhD degree wasfrom leaven Belgium. He worked expert at Urenco enrichment plant inHolland. After returned to Pakistan, the former engineering researchlaboratories have been named as "A. Qadeer laboratories". He awardedfrom "Hilal-i-Imatiaz" by the Govt: of Pakistan.
Composed by M Arif Rattar

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