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Barium Sulfat

Barium Sulfat

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barium_sulfate_suspension
Barium sulfate suspension
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to:navigation,search  This article
is anorphan
 
, as few or no other articleslink to it
. Pleaseintroduce linksto thispage fromrelated articles;suggestions may be available.
(February 2009)
 
Barium sulfate suspension
is barium sulfate(powder) turned into a liquid form bysuspending it in a quick-flowing drink to aid inCT scansof the gastrointestinal region.
Contents
[
hide]
y
 
1
Use 
y
 
2
Taste and texture 
y
 
3
Side effects 
y
 
4
References
 
[
edit] Use
B
arium sulfatesuspensions are provided by a radiologist in advance of aCT scanto allow for   better computer tomographyof thegastrointestinal tract. The patient is instructed to take nothing by mouth, which means to abstain from eating and drinking (fasting), with the exception of drinking the barium sulfate suspension. The amount of time for this fast mayvary, depending on the instructions given by the imaging facility and the area of the body to be scanned, but generally lasts for several hours prior to the scan. The patient generally skipsone meal, along with abstaining from all liquids, clear or otherwise, during this time.Consumption of the barium sulfate suspension begins 90 minutes to two hours prior to the CTscan, as instructed in the patient education provided. Consumption is paced, beginning twohours before the scan is to occur, with levels marked on the provided container indicatinghow much is to be consumed between each of the two hours prior to the test. A small portionof the suspension is reserved for the minutes just before the test, to ensure that as much of thegastrointestinal tract as possible is coated.After the scan is complete, the patient is encouraged to eat and drink normally, with specialattention to plenty of fluids. The barium sulfate is excreted throughdefecation.Constipation  is a possible side effect.
[
edit] Taste and texture
 
Bar 
il
a
til
i
as hav
i
 
t
he cons
i
s
t
ency of a very
t
h
i
ck g
l
assof m
il
k, or a very
t
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i
nm
il
kshake. The suspens
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on
i
s homogeneous, perfec
tl
y smoo
t
h, andwh
it
e
i
n co
l
or - very much
li
ke
t
he co
l
or of m
il
k. The suspens
i
on
i
s s
t
ored a
t
room
t
empera
t
ure (
l
abe
l
s sugges
t
25°
C
, so "warm,
t
h
i
ck m
il
k"
i
s a common descr 
i
 p
ti
on of 
t
hegenera
l
we
i
gh
t
and cons
i
s
t
ency of 
t
he dr 
i
nk.The
t
as
t
e
i
s genera
ll
y cons
i
dered unp
l
easan
t
, bu
t
no
t
unbearab
l
y repu
l
s
i
ve, and
i
s dependen
t
 on
t
he exac
t
makeup of 
t
he dr 
i
nk. Descr 
i
 p
ti
ons range from "poor 
t
as
ti
ng, very runny van
ill
a pudd
i
ng"
t
o "m
il
d
l
y c
it
rus, w
it
h a s
t
rong b
itt
er af 
t
er 
t
as
t
e". In add
iti
on,
t
he presence of 
t
he bar 
i
um su
l
fa
t
e makes
t
he dr 
i
nk have a m
il
d ac
i
d
i
c burn
i
ng sensa
ti
on. Because of 
t
he ease of 
t
he ac
t
ua
l
 
t
es
t
,
t
he paced
t
wo-hour consump
ti
on of 
t
he bar 
i
um su
l
fa
t
e suspens
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i
s of 
t
encons
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dered
t
he wors
t
par 
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of a
C
T scan.
[ed
iSi
de effects
A s
i
de effec
t
may be
i
snauseaandd
i
arrhea, beg
i
nn
i
ng rough
l
y 15 m
i
nu
t
es af 
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er consump
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ti
en
t
s, espec
i
a
ll
y
t
hose dr 
i
nk 
i
ng
t
he suspens
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t
he f 
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rs
t
 
ti
me,
t
heeffec
t
of 
t
he dr 
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nk on
t
he bowe
l
s may be modera
t
e
l
y severe, so some
ti
mes
t
he requ
i
redfas
ti
ng per 
i
od
i
s vo
l
un
t
ar 
il
y s
t
ar 
t
ed ear 
li
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t
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ous prob
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 re
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