The Evidence for the Structure of the Earth
We have only
for the structure.From
various lines of evidence
we think that the Earth is composedof core, mantle, crust, hydrosphere and the atmosphere.Lines of evidence that the earth is layered include:
(i) Average density The average density
of the Earth (5.5 g/cc) is much
thanthat of the
that we can observe, hence, somethingvery dense (such as metals) must be down there.
(ii) Moment of inertiaThe moment of inertia
of the earth is significantly
thanthat for a
indicating that the Earth is not auniform sphere with a density of 5.5 g/cc everywhere except forvery close to the surface.
(iii) Meteorites.iv) Seismic studies.
Seismic studies pinned down the depth of different layers of theEarth and helped constrain the composition of the layers.
Seismic velocity discontinuities
inmaterial properties (owing to either compositional differences ordifferences in phase) are
interpreted as different layers