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HANEP for 11th FDC Congress (draft)

HANEP for 11th FDC Congress (draft)

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The National Economic Platform is Freedom from Debt Coalition's effort to craft a coherent and comprehensive national alternative to the neoliberal economic model for the Philippines.
The National Economic Platform is Freedom from Debt Coalition's effort to craft a coherent and comprehensive national alternative to the neoliberal economic model for the Philippines.

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Published by: James Matthew Miraflor on Dec 16, 2010
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12/22/2013

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Working Draft for FDC 11
th
Congress (as of August 17, 2010)
Holistic Alternative
National Economic Platform
 
H
NEP
2020
 
Kaginhawaan para sa Pilipino
 A Project of the
Freedom from Debt Coalition
11 Matimpiin St. Barangay Pinyahan Quezon City. 1100.Telephone (02) 9211985. Telefax (02) 9246399.mail@fdc.ph.
www.fdc.ph
.
 
 
Working Draft as of August 17, 2010.
 
The National Economic Platform
.
c/o
the Freedom from Debt Coalition (FDC).www.fdc.ph
. 11 MatimpiinSt. Barangay Pinyahan Quezon City. 1100. Telephone (02) 9211985. Telefax (02) 9246399.mail@fdc.ph.
 
2
 
Table of Contents
New Economics for a New Administration .................................................................................................... 3Executive Summary .................................................................................................................................... 11Chapter 1: ............................................................................................................................................... 22Towards Modernity and Prosperity.
N
ext Stop: Philippines 2020.
............................................................ 23
1.
 
Activist Developmental State
......................................................................................................... 24
2.
 
Equitable and Strategic Land Ownership and Use for Sustainable Development and Livability of Communities
.......................................................................................................................................... 26
3.
 
Domestic Capital-driven Development
........................................................................................... 29
4.
 
Integrated, Modernized, and Ecologically-sound Industry focused on developing Sustainable LocalEconomies and Domestic Markets
......................................................................................................... 32
5.
 
Empowered Labor Sector
............................................................................................................... 35
6.
 
Ecologically Sustainable and Climate-adaptive Economy
............................................................... 37
7.
 
Strong Social Support and Safety Net System for Households and the Reproductive Economy
..... 40
8.
 
Food Sovereignty
............................................................................................................................ 42
9.
 
Active State Participation towards an Integrated, Sustainable and Humane Management andDevelopment of the Water Sector
......................................................................................................... 45
10.
 
Strong State Participation towards a Rational and Participatory Power System
........................ 48Chapter 2: ............................................................................................................................................... 51Why are we poor?
G
oing Beyond the Corruption Discourse
..................................................................... 52
1.
 
Weak, Elite-Captured State
............................................................................................................ 58
2.
 
Inequitable Land Ownership and Lack of Social and Strategic Outlook on Land Use andManagement
.......................................................................................................................................... 62
3.
 
Foreign Capital-dominated Open Economy
.................................................................................... 65
4.
 
Fragmented Industry designed for Low Value Added Exports
........................................................ 68
5.
 
Repressive Labor Environment
....................................................................................................... 71
6.
 
Ecologically destructive Economy vulnerable to Climate Disasters
................................................. 75
7.
 
Unrecognized and Neglected Reproductive and Care Economy
..................................................... 78
8.
 
Crops and Fishes for the Global Supermarket
................................................................................. 81
9.
 
Grossly Neglected, Fragmented, and Ill-Governed Water Sector
.................................................... 84
10.
 
Abandoned Power Sector and Industry
...................................................................................... 87
 
Working Draft as of August 17, 2010.
 
The National Economic Platform
.
c/o
the Freedom from Debt Coalition (FDC).www.fdc.ph
. 11 MatimpiinSt. Barangay Pinyahan Quezon City. 1100. Telephone (02) 9211985. Telefax (02) 9246399.mail@fdc.ph.
 
3
 
N
ew Economics for a
N
ew Administration
1
By 
R
ep. Walden Bello
 , President of the Freedom from Debt Coalition (2008-2010)*
23
The dominant feature of the Arroyo administration was pervasive corruption, but its most
4
destructive legacy in the long term will probably be its policy failures. The ascent to power of a new
5
president, backed by a new Congress, provides the opportunity for a fundamental shift in policy in order
6
to end poverty and re-launch the Philippines on the road to development.
78The policy paradigm of the administration was one it inherited from previous administrations. This9was a pro-market, neoliberal approach the key prongs of which were accelerated trade and financial10liberalization, deregulation, and privatization. In addition, Arroyo continued her predecessors policy of 11fully servicing the foreign debt, dealt with the ever-widening budget deficit by imposing a 12 per cent value-12added tax that hit mainly the middle class and the poor, and left it to the market to address poverty and13income inequality.1415With its pro-market orientation, the Arroyo presidency followed the lead of previous administrations16in refusing to pursue an industrial policy, reducing budget support for agriculture to a minimum, and17radically bringing down tariffs on both agricultural and manufacturing imports. Abandoned to global18market forces as the administration embraced the ideology of globalization, the economy was channeled to19the massive export of labor, export-oriented low-value-added manufacturing, particularly of electronic20components, and providing personnel for the outsourced operations of transnational corporations like call21centers.2223
F
ailure of a Paradigm
2425Not surprisingly, the countrys GDP growth rate was consistently significantly below those of its Asian26neighbors, the radical reduction of tariffs decimated manufacturing, the country was turned from a net27food exporter to a net food importer, the poverty rate stubbornly refused to go below 30 per cent of the28population, and income distribution worsened. In addition, the ecological crisis intensified, owing to29desultory environmental management and failure to promote a reproductive health policy for fear of 30offending the Catholic Church hierarchy.3132The countrys plight under the lash of wrong policies over the last four administrations becomes33clearer in a comparative perspective. According to the United Nations Development Programs Human34

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