ROOME’S WORLDWAR II FLYINGBOATS
Broome’s Roebuck Bay contains a sunken armada o historic ying boats rom World War II, which is aunique archaeological resource. No other place in theworld has such a collection o rare and historicallysignifcant ying boats, all o which were sunk in amatter o minutes o each other, creating a snap shoto a tragedy in Australia’s aviation history. This guideprovides inormation on six o the wreck sites that areexposed during astronomical spring low tides. In total,15 ying boats were destroyed during an air raid by nineMitsubishi A6M.2 ‘Zero’ fghters o the 3rd
Kokutai(Aircraft Group), Imperial Japanese Navy, on 3 March1942.
Image taken rom Japanese reconnaissance aircrat during the air raidA Dornier wreck in Broome, the X–23. WA Museum.
CASUALTIES PER FLYING BOAT
SITE 1 : FVN: crew – McKiernan C., Garnell H., MarklandW.G, Singh M.M, Ellerby H. and Morris J.SITE 2: X–1: reugees ––Piers-Morien C.G.E, Piers C. andPiers F, + unknown number.SITE 3: UNKNOWN.SITE 4: Y-59: crew – Albinus C.F.J., van Aggelen J.G,Borsch M., van Emmerik B., Spreeuw E.G.A., van Tour A.Reugees ––Arendz J.M, van Aggelen–van Kooten J.A, deBruijn A.A, de Bruijn H., Borsch-Baars J.G, van EmmerikB.A.P, van Tour I. [Catharina] and Vermeij J, + unknownnumber.SITE 5: UNKNOWN
For urther site inormation see www.museum.wa.gov.au/collections/maritime/march/treasures/broome/broome.html. For urther inormationon the legislation please see www.heritage.wa.gov.au
Compiled by Silvano Jung, 2006. Anthropology, School o CreativeArts and Humanities, Faculty o Law, Business and Arts, CharlesDarwin University.
NOTES ON WALKING TO THE LOW TIDEWRECK SITES AND VISITOR PROTOCOLS:
Leave Town Beach an hour beore low tide – approximately30 minute walk to reach the wrecks.Wrecks visible when tidedepth is at least 0.4 metres above chart datum (a minus readingis better). The Broome ying boat wrecks are protected underthe ‘Heritage o Western Australia Act 1990’. Please do notdisturb the wrecks, do not remove arteacts and do not walk onexposed structures.
KEY1. missing bow gun turret 8. port engine - bent propeller2. starboard engine position 9. horizontal stabliser?3. fuel tanks 10. starboard wing leading edge4. port wing - inverted 11. bulkhead5. mainspar/sailplane join 12. pilot seats6. aileron 13. control yoke7. port wing tip 14. starboard engine - three bent propellers
Note: dotted lines representburied structures
SITE 4 - PBY-5 CATALINA Y-59
KEY1. shattered bow2. dislodged bow gun turret3. break in fuselage4. portal?5. floor members6. upright propeller - spinner buried7. port engine8. port wing inverted9. wing struts10. top of flight engineer’s compartment11. break in wing inboard of starboard engine12. leading edge buried13. wing tip buried14. trailing edge of mainspar15. starboard engine mount16. starboard engine lying face down
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SITE 5 - UNKNOWN CATALINA