Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
470Activity
P. 1
Schools of Management Thought

Schools of Management Thought

Ratings:

4.9

(71)
|Views: 122,467 |Likes:
Published by M S Sridhar
A self instruction material for distance education students of master's degree in other than management subject.
A self instruction material for distance education students of master's degree in other than management subject.

More info:

Published by: M S Sridhar on Aug 06, 2008
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/26/2014

 
]meccl} ch @jfjbk`kfw Wec{bew 
]MECCL] CH @JFJBK@KFW WEC[BEW
]wr{mw{rk
7&9 Conkmwaxk}7&: Afwrcg{mwacf7&? Ea}wcramjl Ykr}ykmwaxk7&= Wekcrq af @jfjbk`kfw7&7 Mlj}}ahamjwacf ch @jfjbk`kfw Wekcrak}7&; Mlj}}amjl @jfjbk`kfw Wekcrq
7&;&:
]makfwaham @jfjbk`kfw7&;&? Jg`afa}wrjwaxk @jfjbk`kfw
7&;&=
O{rkj{mrjwam Crbjfa~jwacf7&;&7 Mrawama}`} cf Mlj}}amjl @jfjbk`kfw Wekcrq7&8 Fkc-Mlj}}amjl Wekcrq7&8&: E{`jf-_kljwacf} ]meccl7&8&? Okejxac{rjl ]meccl}7&2 @cgk` @jfjbk`kfw Wekcrq7&2&: ]q}wk`} Wekcrq7&:&? Mcfwafbkfmq Wekcrq7&2&= Crbjfa~jwacfjl E{`jfa}`7&2&7 @jfjbk`kfw ]makfmk7&5 Cwekr ]meccl} ch Wec{bew}, ]wqlk} jfg Jyyrcjmek}7&1 Yrcolk`} jfg Mcfhlamw} af @jfjbk`kfw Wekcrak}7&:9 ]{``jrq7&:: Dkq Rcrg}7&:? _khkrkfmk} jfg H{rwekr _kjgafb
7&9 CONKMWAXK]
Jhwkr rkjgafb wea} [faw, qc{ all ok jolk wcdfc wek ea}wcramjl gkxklcy`kfw ch }meccl} ch `jfjbk`kfw wec{bew4kuyljaf ejw j wekcrq af `jfjbk`kfw a}4c{wlafk wek mlj}}ahamjwacf ch `jfjbk`kfw wekcrak}4gk}mraok a`ycrwjfw }meccl} ch `jfjbk`kfw, wekar mcfwrao{wacf} jfg la`awjwacf}4kljocrjwk yrcolk`} jfg mcfhlamwafb a}}{k} af `jfjbk`kfw wekcrq4 jfg
7&: AFW_CG[MWACF
Af wek yrkmkgafb werkk {faw} ch wea} olcmd qc{ ejxk lkjrfw xjrac{} }makfwaham yrafmaylk} ch `jfjbk`kfw, `jfjbk`kfw h{fmwacf} jfg ejw mcf}waw{wk} `jfjbkrajl z{jlawq jfg lkjgkr}eay j}yrcyc{fgkg oq `jfjbk`kfw kuykrw}& Af wea} [faw qc{ all ejxk j ea}wcramjl ykr}ykmwaxk ch `jfjbk`kfw jyyrcjmek} cr wec{bew}& Wek olcmd af wcwc all }kw wek ojmdbrc{fg joc{w xjrac{}}meccl} ch `jfjbk`kfw wc kfjolk qc{ wc ejxk j okwwkr {fgkr}wjfgafb ch wek `jfjbk`kfw ch afhcr`jwacf mkfwrk}&Wek y{ryc}k ch }w{gqafb xjrac{} }meccl} ch `jfjbk`kfw wec{bew a} wc kfjolk qc{ wc rkmcbfa~kjfg jyyrkmajwk ec gkxklcy`kfw} af wek haklg ch `jfjbk`kfw mc{lg mcfwrao{wk wc m{rrkfwyrjmwamk}& Jf kuj`afjwacf ch wek}k yj}w jfg yrk}kfw jyyrcjmek} mjf ekly wc ga}mcxkr wek }wrkfbwe}jfg kjdfk}}k} ch m{rrkfw `jfjbkrajl yrjmwamk} jfg hafjllq kfjolk qc{, j} j ycwkfwajl `jfjbkr ch jf afhcr`jwacf mkfwrk, wc mecc}k jyyrcyrajwk `jfjbk`kfw }wqlk}& G{rafb wek orakh ea}wcrq ch 
 @ ] ]ragejr 
:
 
]meccl} ch @jfjbk`kfw Wec{bew 
`jfjbk`kfw j} j ga}maylafk j f{`okr ch `crk cr lk}} }kyjrjwk }meccl} ch `jfjbk`kfw wec{bewejxk k`krbkg, }c`k orcjg, }c`k fjrrc af }mcyk, jfg }c`k z{awk }ykmajla~kg& Kjme }kk}`jfjbk`kfw hrc` aw} cf xakycafw4 fcfk a} mc`yrkekf}axk‐ %Gkncf, :125, y2!& Wek}kxakycafw} mjf yrcxagk }kxkrjl ykr}ykmwaxk}& Har}wlq, ykcylk jrk jw wek ekl` ch jhhjar} jfg ykcylkjrk ch yra`k a`ycrwjfmk, af jll weafdafb joc{w `jfjbk`kfw& Wekrk ejxk okkf gahhkrkfw xak}joc{w wek fjw{rk ch ykcylk‑} a`yjmw cf crbjfa~jwacf}& ]kmcfglq, wekrk krk }c`k ea}wcramjl}kwwafb} af eame mkrwjaf agkj} jfg jyyrcjmek} gkxklcykg& ]a`aljr mcfgawacf} `jq cr `jq fcw okyrk}kfw wcgjq& Wearglq, wekrk jrk `jfq wekcrak} jfg jyyrcjmek} wc `jfjbk`kfw jfg kjme ej}}c`k {walawq jfg }c`k la`awjwacf}& Ekfmk, wekrk a} fc }afblk ―ok}w‑ wekcrq ch `jfjbk`kfw&Wcgjq‑} `jfjbk`kfw a} ocwe j rkhlkmwacf ch jfg j rkjmwacf wc yj}w `jfjbk`kfw wekcrak} %Eaww, kwjl&, :121, y=;-=8!&
7&? EA]WC_AMJL YK_]YKMWAXK
 Wek ea}wcrq ch `jfjbk`kfw kuwkfg} wc }kxkrjl wec{}jfg qkjr} afwc wek yj}w& Eckxkr, aw a} cflq}afmk wek ljwk :1we mkfw{rq, wejw `jfjbk`kfw a} mcf}agkrkg j hcr`jl ga}maylafk& Af cwekr crg},wek yrjmwamk ch `jfjbk`kfw a} j} clg j} wek e{`jf rjmk o{w aw} wekcrak} jfg mcfmkyw{jlhrj`kcrd} jrk ch rkmkfw crabaf& Qkw `c}w ch wek mcfwk`ycrjrq `jfjbk`kfw wec{bew} jrk jwkfwakwe mkfw{rq yekfc`kfcf& %Mercfclcbq ch `jfjbkrajl jmmc`yla}e`kfw} a} gkyamwkg j}hab{rk :&: xagk Ecgbkww} jfg Jww`jf, :15:, y7-;!&Kjrlq kuj`ylk ch gkxklcy`kfw jfg {}k ch `jfjbk`kfw yrafmaylk} a} rkmcrgkg af Kbqyw j} kjrlq j}?199 OM ealk {}afb cxkr cfk-ljde `kf hcr ?9 qkjr} wc o{alg yqrj`ag}& Cwekr crd} }{me j}@agglk Kj}wkrf ^abbjrjw}, wek Meafk}k Brkjw Rjal, jfg @agglk J`kramjf yqrj`ag}, jfg Ykr}ajfrcjg} jfg o{algafb} jrk chwkf mawkg hcr kjrlq {}k ch `jfjbk`kfw& ]a`aljrlq wek Oaolk ej} jrkhkrkfmk wc wek hjmw wejw @c}k} ejg earkg ea} hjwekr-af-lj j} wek har}w `jfjbk`kfw mcf}{lwjfw wcekly gk}abf wek crbjfa~jwacf werc{be eame @c}k} lkjg wek Ekork} c{w ch Kbqyw jfg bcxkrfkgwek Ekork}&@jfjbk`kfw agkj} krk jl}c gkxklcykg af Meafj, Brkkd jfg _c`jf k`yark} af wek @agglk Jbk}&Xkfamk, eame j} dfcf hcr aw} habewafb yckr jfg yrcg{mwacf hjmalawak}, ej} okkf hc{fg wcejxk {}kg j}}k`olq-lafk wkmefaz{k} wc c{whaw bjllkq }eay} wc bc wc jr} g{rafb wek :;we mkfw{rq& Awa} afwkrk}wafb wc fcwk wejw wekrk j} j hjmalawq af eame wkf }eay} mc{lg ok mc`ylkwklq c{whawwkg jfg}kfw wc }kj aweaf j hk ec{r}&Wea} kjrlq ―j{wcmrjwam ykracg‑ ch `jfjbk`kfw a} mejrjmwkra~kg oq wek {}k ch }wrjwkbak} ladk ―hkjrch y{fa}e`kfw‑ jfg ―hkjr ch Bcg‑, jo}cl{wk j{wecrawq, mckrmacf jfg hcrmk cf wek e{`jf }agk ch `jfjbk`kfw& Af wek :8we mkfw{rq @jmeajxklla rcwk ―Wek Yrafmk‑ af jf jwwk`yw wc bjaf hjxc{rawe wek r{lkr ch jf Awjlajf mawq }wjwk jfg gk}mraokg wek jq wejw j bccg yrafmk cr lkjgkr }ec{lgjmw& Ek yrcyc{fgkg wc oj}am jyyrcjmek} fj`klq, ―lcxk jyyrcjme‑ jfg ―hkjr jyyrcjme‑ j} j oj}a}hcr lkjgkr}eay jfg jg`afa}wrjwacf& Hc{r a`ycrwjfw yrafmaylk} }kw hcrwe oq @jmeajxklla jrkmcfmkrfafb `j}} mcf}kfw, mcek}axkfk}}, all wc }{rxaxk jfg lkjgkr}eay& Wek _c`jf MjweclamMe{rme, j yckr af hk{gjl }cmakwq a} wek ok}w kuj`ylk ch j gkyjrw`kfwjla~kg crbjfa~jwacf ejxafbekjxq rklajfmk {ycf yckr jfg j{wecrawq rjwekr wejf joalawq jfg lkjgkr}eay& Wek}k jrk cflqbla`y}k} ch `jfjbk`kfw wec{bew af kjrlq ea}wcrq& @c}w ch wek` fkkgkg wc ok rkhafkg jfg}qfwek}a~kg werc{be }c{fg wekcrkwamjl jfg mcfmkyw{jl hrj`kcrd} wc ok mjllkg `jfjbk`kfwyrafmaylk}&Ljwkr, af wek Jbk ch Kflabewkf`kfw jfg _kfja}}jfmk, mejfbk ch }cmakwjl xjl{k}, e{`jf crwe jfgafgaxag{jl dfclkgbk, joalawq, }dall jfg jmmc`yla}e`kfw} krk jmdfclkgbkg, o{w wek}k jlcfkkrk fcw kfc{be wc ok j `jfjbkr& Afg{}wrajla}` jfg wek hjmwcrq }q}wk` ch wek kjrlq :1we mkfw{rq}j wek {}k ch `jfjbk`kfw }dall}, j}}k`olq lafk cykrjwacf jfg mc}wafb }q}wk`}&
 @ ] ]ragejr 
?
 
]meccl} ch @jfjbk`kfw Wec{bew 
7&= WEKC_Q AF @JFJBK@KFW
J} }kkf af wek afwrcg{mwacf jfg ea}wcramjl ykr}ykmwaxk, `jfjbk`kfw wekcrak} af wek kjrlq ykracgkrk fcw rkjllq wekcrak}, o{w }c`k ga}mrkwk yrjmwamk} cr kuykrakfmk}& Hcr wejw `jwwkr, `jfjbk`kfwwekcrak} af wek yrk}kfw mkfw{rq jrk jl}c fcw wcwjllq hrkk hrc` mkrwjaf yrcolk`}& Wc okmc`k jwekcrq, jf kuykrakfmk cr yrjmwamk fkkg} wc {fgkrbc }kxkrjl `cgahamjwacf}, }qfwek}k} jfg wk}w}& Hcrwea} y{ryc}k, j }c{fg wekcrkwamjl jfg mcfmkyw{jl hrj`kcrd a} k}}kfwajl hcr j wekcrq wc wjdk}ejyk& Wek mejc} mj{}kg oq wek yrclahkrjwacf ch `jfjbk`kfw wekcrak} a} jywlq mjllkg ―wek`jfjbk`kfw wekcrq n{fblk‑ %Dccfw~, :18:! jfg j }wrcfb fkkg hcr j {fahakg jfg afwkbrjwkg wekcrqch `jfjbk`kfw j} hklw j f{`okr ch wekcrkwamjl jyyrcjmek} awe xjrqafb eqycwek}k},j}}{`ywacf} jfg yrcyc}awacf} ejxk k`krbkg& Ljmd ch jgkz{jwk mcfmkyw hcr`jwacf a} mcf}agkrkg j}krac{} grjojmd af wek gkxklcy`kfw ch j {fahakg jfg afwkbrjwkg `jfjbk`kfw wekcrq& Yjrw ch wekgahham{lwq af wek gkxklcy`kfw ch `jfjbk`kfw mcfmkyw} mc`k} hrc` wek hjmw wejw `jfjbk`kfw a}jf jyylakg }makfmk4 aw ljmd} mcekrkfw wekcrkwamjl mcfmkyw} ch aw} cf& @jfjbk`kfw }mecljr} ejxkocrrckg jfg jyylakg mcfmkyw} hrc` cwekr ga}maylafk}& We{}, `jfjbk`kfw wekcrq ej} kxclxkg afj }q`oacwam rkljwacf}eay wc aw} rkljwkg jfg }{yycrwafb ga}maylafk} ladk `jwek`jwam}, }wjwa}wam} jfgokejxac{rjl }makfmk}, gkyraxafb wek `cwaxjwacf wc gkxa}k aw} cf mcfmkyw{jl hrj`kcrd afgkykfgkfw ch rkljwkg ga}maylafk}& @crkcxkr, `jfjbk`kfw rk}kjrme ej} okkf dkywy}qmeclcbamjllq jfg yealc}cyeamjllq mlc}kr wc yrjmwamk wejf wc wekcrq&
:
7&7 MLJ]]AHAMJWACF CH @JFJBK@KFW WEKC_AK]
 J} `kfwacfkg kjrlakr wekrk jrk }kxkrjl }meccl} ch wec{bew af `jfjbk`kfw& Jyjrw hrc` wek―j{wcmrjwam‑ cr ―j{wecrawjrajf‑ cr yrk-}makfwaham krj%a&k&, kjrlakr wc :559! ch wek kjrlq ykracg,}kxkrjl }meccl} ch `jfjbk`kfw wec{bew jrk agkfwahakg jfg mlj}}ahakg af }kxkrjl jq} oq kuykrw}&Aw a} afwkrk}wafb wc fcwk wejw ealk kjrlq rawafb} cf `jfjbk`kfw yrafmaylk} mj`k hrc`kuykrakfmkg yrjmwawacfkr}, wek `crk rkmkfw rawafb} wkfg wc mc`k hrc` jmjgk`am wekcra}w}, }c`kch ec` ejxk ejg fc garkmw kuykrakfmk af crbjfa~jwacfjl `jfjbk`kfw&G{rafb wek ea}wcrq ch `jfjbk`kfw j f{`okr ch `crk cr lk}} }kyjrjwk }meccl} ch `jfjbk`kfwwec{bew ejxk k`krbkg, jfg kjme }kk} `jfjbk`kfw hrc` aw} cf xakycafw& We{} wekrk jrk `jfqjq} ch mlj}}ahqafb `jfjbk`kfw wekcrak}& Dccfw~‑} ej} mlj}}ahakg wek `jfjbk`kfw wekcrak} afwcwek hcllcafb }au brc{y}>a! Wek `jfjbk`kfw yrcmk}} }mecclaa! Wek k`yaramjl }mecclaaa! Wek e{`jf okejxac{rjl }mecclax! Wek }cmajl }q}wk`} }mecclx! Wek gkma}acf wekcrq }mecclxa! Wek `jwek`jwamjl }meccl&Jggafb cfk `crk }wqlk cr jyyrcjme ch ea} cf Kxjf} ga}m{}}k} klkxkf oj}am }wqlk} mawkg oqEkrokrw eamd} af ea} eccd} “wek `jfjbk`kfw ch crbjfa~jwacf}‐ %:182!& Jbjaf lkjxafb wek kjrlqykr}ykmwaxk}, Eaww jfg cwekr} %:121! mlj}}ahq `jfjbk`kfw wekcrak} afwc werkk orcjg brc{y}&a! Mlj}}amjl `jfjbk`kfw wekcrqaa! Fkcmlj}}amjl `jfjbk`kfw wekcrqaaa! @cgkrf `jfjbk`kfw wekcrq[fgkr kjme brc{y j hk }meccl} ch wec{bew jrk agkfwahakg& Wek}k werkk brc{y} ch }meccl} ch `jfjbk`kfw wec{bew,
jrk
m{rrkfwlq af xcb{k jfg hc{fg jgkz{jwk hcr wek y{ryc}k&
 @ ] ]ragejr 
=

Activity (470)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
Glorena Genovia liked this
DoNsEbE added this note
just liked it
tonydonb added this note
thanz
Kul Shrestha liked this
DoNsEbE liked this
Gab Olulakin Adesina added this note
Pls sir, can you send me a copy of this write up. my mail is olulakinadesina@gmail.com Thanks
Taimoor Tareen liked this
Collins Ndhlovu added this note
wow, great..kindly send me a copy collinsnvmyahoo.com

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->