vastly demanded in safety food stores being considered as a diet of favorable influence tohuman health (Dimitrijević and Petrović, 2006).The most utilized wheat varieties of today belong to class of hexaploid wheat (
Triticumaestivum ssp. vulgare
) having three genomes and 42 chromosomes. Hexaploid wheat had been originated from spontaneous hybridization of diploid (14 chromosomes) and later tetraploid (28 chromosomes) wheat with goat grass (
.). The steady selection pressure of the same selection criteria in wheat breeding programs commonly led to geneticvariability narrowing. Species of
genus played a remarkable role not only in wheatevolution, but also as a useful source for broadening genetic variability in wheat havingchromosomes and chromosomal regions homologous to wheat genetic background (Petrovićand Dimitrijević, 2006). Generally, endangered biodiversity, namely wild relatives,landraces, local populations etc., well adapted to the regional climate could be considered asvery important not only in biodiversity preservation
, but also in utilization inmodern,intensive, as well as, organic, safety food production.
MAN NATURAL MANNER IS TO UNNATURALLY PRESS PLANT
In the history of wheat breeding the turn over point happened in 1868. That year, inScotland, in the field of wheat population Victoria, Shirreff selected subpopulation namedSquarehead. At the end of XIX century emerging Dutch wheat breeding combining wheatfrom British isle with local populations obtained variety Spijk from combinationSquarehead x Zeeuwse Witte, and later on variety Wilhelmina from cross Spijk xSquarehead. The vast number of modern European wheat varieties originated out from thesecrosses. British selection and Dutch wheat breeding from mid XIX to the beginning of XXcentury laid foundation for modern wheat breeding. The consequences were the
varietiesadapted tomodern agricultural production concept
Varieties adapted to modern agricultural production concept
. At the beginning of XXcentury the agricultural production shifted its concept from self-sufficiency to marketoriented production. That was the period of introducing not only bred wheat varieties, butalso corn hybrids. At that time first seed companies were formed. Regardless of whether themoving force had been “to feed hungry”, or simply “the profit”, the relations andrequirements in agriculture started to change. Consequently, two goals in wheat breadinghave been shaped – high yield and stability.
. The first requirement of the market oriented production is a high yield.For that goal it was necessary to bred varieties capable for overproduction. Luxurious seed production is not natural way of behaving for any plant, wheat included. Natural behaving iseconomical seed production in a way of using available natural resources and environmentalconditions. Man could not change environmental conditions concerning weather, but couldintervene in a part of environmental conditions related to soil and available resources to a plant. That is called intensification in agricultural production, and through so called “green