Everton 2communication and language, which is essential for developing minds (Scheetz). He was able to learn toread quite well, even though his tribal school put him in SPED classes.
Rick’s home life became unstable with his mother’s alcohol
addiction. Due to high poverty levelsand a prevalence of drug/alcohol abuse during the post-colo
nization times, it is not unlikely for Rick’s
mother to fall prey to it (Beauvais). He was put with his grandparents after social workers found thehome unfit. However, unlike Pine Ridge (another Sioux reservation, with a bit more resources), Rosebud
does not have its’ own social workers. Most borrowed social workers are ill
-equipped for dealing with
the cultural differences between their culture and Native American culture and norms. Rick’s home was
deemed unfit because he and his siblings share a room, which was a limited space anyhow, and that toomany people lived in the small house. Culturally, having an open door for family members is traditionaland still practiced amongst Plains people, so it is not unusual to have a large group of your family stayingthe night or the week, especially if they are traveling far between places.
His grandparents’ place was much the same, so they were soon deemed unfit as well. Custody
was placed with his father for a brief moment of time, and because his grandparents were slow and notwell versed with the legal system, they could not prepare to gain custody of Rick and his brother (both
sisters were off the reservation at this time, at school). Rick’s father signed off custody, thus changing
custodianship to the state and no longer the tribe.
Rick’s brother, who was 16, skipped the foster care
system and jumped around from place to place, typically staying at distant relatives or friends houses onand off the reservation. Rick was then adopted out to a family in Scranton, Pennsylvania.The family was a typical white suburban family. Dad, mom, two kids (boy and girl). Thedifferences between them were obvious: Rick was Native and deaf, his family was white and hearing.This created quite a divide already. His sisters were not notified of the adoption until it was too late, andthey could not gain custody. However, they fought for the right of visitation which was granted. Despite