PR 1041 Essay Assessment Goodwill alone is not enough – Challenges in Implementation of Indonesian ICT Policy
Goodwill alone is not enough – Challenges in the Implementation of Indonesian ICT Policy
An Analysis of ICT Policy in Indonesiabased on the
Five-Year Action Plan
for the Development and Implementationof ICT in Indonesia” under Presidential Decree No. 6/2001
PREST, the University of Manchester
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has been believed to have ability to foster generating the wealth of nation. This view has, however, an underlying assumption that the application of ICT iscoherently supported both in policy in state or authority level and in its implementation. A proper state policy in science and technology, including ICT, would likely give birth to an appropriate implementation of it. Yetin many cases, including in Indonesia, facts have shown that this process is not as straight-forwardly as it hasideally to be. The case of the stagnancy, if not failure, of the “
Five-year Action Plan
” for the Development andImplementation of ICT in Indonesia, which was derived from the Presidential Decree No. 6/2001, hasshown how policy in the field of science and technology cannot be naively seen as the only driving factor of its implementation. Observations are carried out using the logic model to identify the logical framework of policy planning and implementation. Relationship among agencies in policy-making level and policy-implementation level is analysed mainly using principal-agent theory, while their interaction is studied fromrational-choice perspective. Other views of public policy analysis are also used to enrich the discussion. Thedeficit analysis of this paper suggest that a good policy is necessary, but may not be sufficient, to a successfulimplementation, even when agencies exist with clear roles, functions and contracts.
science and technology policy, information and communication technology (ICT, ICTs), telematics, implementation,telecommunication.
Mr. Eddy Satriya, MA, senior Infrastructure Economist of the Indonesian National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas), who drafted the policy analysed in this paper. He recently visited PREST (10/12/04) and provided ample time to discuss the issue. Quoted as ‘ES’
Mr. Arnold Ph. Djiwatampu, ex first Director of the Bureau for Telecommunication Development (BDT) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), 1991-1992 and the Director of Conventions and Legal Regulations and thereafter Deputy Director General for Telecommunications of Indonesia, 1980-90, who provided information through email exchanges. Quoted as APhD
The cover illustration is the Indonesia Internet Exchange Logical Network Map in 2003 (APJII, 2003)
: 4,577 (
abstract, contents, tables, graphics, figures, footnotes and references)
Yanuar Nugroho, PREST ii