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Goodwill alone is not enough – Challenges in the Implementation of Indonesian ICT Policy

Goodwill alone is not enough – Challenges in the Implementation of Indonesian ICT Policy

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Published by Yanuar Nugroho
An Analysis of ICT Policy in Indonesia
based on the Five-Year Action Plan for the Development and Implementation
of ICT in Indonesia” under Presidential Decree No. 6/2001 -- Unpublished paper, The University of Manchester
An Analysis of ICT Policy in Indonesia
based on the Five-Year Action Plan for the Development and Implementation
of ICT in Indonesia” under Presidential Decree No. 6/2001 -- Unpublished paper, The University of Manchester

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Published by: Yanuar Nugroho on Aug 06, 2008
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05/09/2014

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Goodwill alone is not enough – Challenges in the Implementation of Indonesian ICT Policy
 An Analysis of ICT Policy in Indonesiabased on the
Five-Year Action Plan 
for the Development and Implementationof ICT in Indonesia” under Presidential Decree No. 6/2001
PR 1041 Essay Assignment
by 
 Yanuar Nugroho
PREST, the University of Manchester© December 2004
 
PR 1041 Essay Assessment Goodwill alone is not enough Challenges in Implementation of Indonesian ICT Policy 
Goodwill alone is not enough – Challenges in the Implementation of Indonesian ICT Policy
 An Analysis of ICT Policy in Indonesiabased on the
Five-Year Action Plan 
 
(*)
for the Development and Implementationof ICT in Indonesia” under Presidential Decree No. 6/2001
 Yanuar Nugroho
PREST, the University of Manchester
 Abstract
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has been believed to have ability to foster generating the wealth of nation. This view has, however, an underlying assumption that the application of ICT iscoherently supported both in policy in state or authority level and in its implementation. A proper state policy in science and technology, including ICT, would likely give birth to an appropriate implementation of it. Yetin many cases, including in Indonesia, facts have shown that this process is not as straight-forwardly as it hasideally to be. The case of the stagnancy, if not failure, of the “
Five-year Action Plan 
” for the Development andImplementation of ICT in Indonesia, which was derived from the Presidential Decree No. 6/2001, hasshown how policy in the field of science and technology cannot be naively seen as the only driving factor of its implementation. Observations are carried out using the logic model to identify the logical framework of policy planning and implementation. Relationship among agencies in policy-making level and policy-implementation level is analysed mainly using principal-agent theory, while their interaction is studied fromrational-choice perspective. Other views of public policy analysis are also used to enrich the discussion. Thedeficit analysis of this paper suggest that a good policy is necessary, but may not be sufficient, to a successfulimplementation, even when agencies exist with clear roles, functions and contracts.
Keywords
:
science and technology policy, information and communication technology (ICT, ICTs), telematics, implementation,telecommunication.
 
***
 Acknowledgement
:1.
 
 Mr. Eddy Satriya, MA, senior Infrastructure Economist of the Indonesian National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas), who drafted the policy analysed in this paper. He recently visited PREST (10/12/04) and provided ample time to discuss the issue. Quoted as ‘ES’ 
2.
 
 Mr. Arnold Ph. Djiwatampu, ex first Director of the Bureau for Telecommunication Development (BDT) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), 1991-1992 and the Director of Conventions and Legal Regulations and thereafter Deputy Director General for Telecommunications of Indonesia, 1980-90, who provided information through email exchanges. Quoted as APhD
3.
 
The cover illustration is the Indonesia Internet Exchange Logical Network Map in 2003 (APJII, 2003)
 Words Count
: 4,577
excluding 
abstract, contents, tables, graphics, figures, footnotes and references)
***
Note:
(*) The document is attached to the paper-submission of this essay. However, the softcopy of the document, which is notsubmitted with the electronic submission of this essay due to the nature of the document, i.e. PDF file, can be accessed throughhttp://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/apcity/unpan002101.pdf  
Yanuar Nugroho, PREST ii 
 
PR 1041 Essay Assessment Goodwill alone is not enough Challenges in Implementation of Indonesian ICT Policy Yanuar Nugroho, PREST iii 
Contents
1. Introduction
CONTEXT
2. ICT in Indonesia2.1. Facts2.2. Challenge in Policy and Implementation
ASSESSMENT
3. Assessing the Policy3.1. Understanding the Policy Rationales3.2. Understanding the Policy Objectives3.3. Applying “Logic Model” to assess Indonesian ICT PolicyCausality LogicIntervention LogicMonitoring & Evaluation
DISCUSSION
4. Understanding the dynamics among agencies4.1. Interaction among concerned agenciesThe principals – Policy-making agenciesThe agents – Implementing agenciesInteraction between levels – a “true contractual” model?Interaction within levels – a “rational choice” model?4.2. Current Issue5. Discussion Involvement of power in policy-making6. Conclusion

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