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Table Of Contents

Benefits of membership
General
Key Contents
Approach
Results
Cool Thermal Storage in General
Design of a Cooling Facility
Load Calculation
Operation Conditions and Practices
Cool Thermal Storage Technology
Chilled Water Storage
Stratified Chilled Water Thermal Storage
Diffuser Constructions
Brines for Low Temperature Stratification
Multiple Tank Systems
Summary of Chilled Water Storage Tank Design
Ice Storage
Ice on Coil
Sheet ice harvester
Encapsulated Ice
Phase-Change Materials
Ice slurry
Centrifugal chillers
Absorption Cycles
Steam-jet Refrigeration
Summary of Different Cooling Technologies
Capital costs
Combi-connections of heat and mechanically driven chillers
Ice Slurry Generation
Chiller Plant Operation with Cool Storage
The Choice of Chillers for Cool Thermal Storage
Cool Distribution Network Design in General
Different Transmission Media and the Demands for Piping
Earth-laying
Duct-laying Systems - Transfer in a Collector
Brines and other media for low-temperature (<1°C ) distribution
Distribution of Ice Slurry
Benefits of Ice Slurry in Piping Networks
Pipeline Transport of Ice Slurry
Variation of Pressure Gradient with Ice Fraction
Selection of Cool Distribution Pipe Materials
Customer Connections
Indirect Chilled Water Connection:
Direct Chilled water Connection:
Customer Connections in Brine Systems:
Ice Slurry in Customer Installations
Direct Ice Slurry
Distributed Ice Storage
Warm Water Recycle
Description of Cases
District-cooling Design Parameters
Ambient temperature
Cooling Degree Days
Utilization hours for Buildings
Diversification factor
Cooling load duration
Utilization hours of the Central Production Plant
Specific cooling loads
Energy Consumption
Case studies: initial values
Location: Northern Europe (NE)
Location: Southern Europe (SE)
Distribution networks
Customer connection
Selected Case Storages
Chilled Water and Solution Tank Storage
Ice Storage (ice-on-coil, ice slurry)
Production plants
Economic evaluation
Background to Economic Evaluation
Cooling Tariffs and Revenues
Required Rate of Return on Equity
Taxes
Economic Results of Case Studies
Chilled Water (7/14°C) and Solution Tank Storage (1/14°C)
Location 2: SE/Barcelona
Location 1: NE/Stockholm
Conclusions
Load Calculation and Simulation Software of Buildings
Software for Chiller Plant Optimization
Dimensioning of Ice Storage
Dimensioning and simulation of chilled water network
Optimization Softwares
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Annex Vi S5 Cool Thermal -3

Annex Vi S5 Cool Thermal -3

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Published by: fifthslip on Dec 17, 2010
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09/01/2012

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