The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been active in the promotion of non-destructive testing (NDT) technology for many years. NDT is an important component of anumber of IAEA regional projects successfully executed or currently being executed. Theseare the Regional Co-operative Arrangements for the Promotion of Nuclear Science andTechnology in Latin America (ARCAL), the Regional Co-operative Agreement for Research,Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology for Asia and thePacific (RCA), the African Regional Co-operative Agreement for Research, Development andTraining Related to Nuclear Science and Technology (AFRA) and, more recently, the NDTRegional Project in West Asia. Under these regional projects many regional and nationaltraining courses are conducted. Since the IAEA relies heavily on experts from Member Statesto conduct training courses, it is necessary to have agreed syllabi, training guidelines andtraining material not only to guide the experts but also to provide some consistency betweencourses and resultant uniformity in the training provided.The syllabi for training courses that cover the conventional NDT methods are available inIAEA-TECDOC-628. This TECDOC covers the conventional methods of liquid penetranttesting, magnetic particle testing, eddy current testing, radiographic testing, ultrasonic testing,visual inspection and leak testing.Based on these syllabi, training course notes have been produced to cover IndustrialRadiography (IAEA Training Course Series No. 3) and Ultrasonic Testing of Materials atLevel 2 (IAEA Training Course Series No. 10).These training course notes deal predominantly with the NDT of metallic materials. While NDT of metallic materials is a very important application, NDT is being used increasingly for the inspection of concrete structures. Training Course Series Nos. 3 and 10 cover theinspection of concrete using the relevant NDT method; however, coverage is brief and doesnot present the whole range of NDT methods used for the NDT of concrete. Concrete has become a very common construction material in most IAEA Member States and problemshave occurred because of faulty construction practice. A need was therefore identified for aguidebook on the NDT of concrete. The first IAEA Training Course on the NDT of Concreteand other Non-Metallic Materials was held in 1987 in Japan, at the Japanese Society for Non-Destructive Inspection. Subsequent courses/workshops were held in Thailand and Singapore.In 1998, AFRA national co-ordinators prepared a draft syllabus on the NDT of Concrete. Thissyllabus was circulated for comment to national co-ordinators in other IAEA projects.R.S. Gilmour (Australia) compiled the first draft of the training material, which was circulatedto the national NDT co-ordinators for the NDT subproject in different RCA countries. IAEAexperts discussed the amendments made to this draft at a Meeting on the NDT of concrete inthe Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology (MINT), Malaysia in September 1999.During the compilation of this manuscript, guidance and support were provided byAbd Nassir Ibrahim from Malaysia and G. Singh from India. The IAEA officer responsiblefor this publication was A.A. Khan of the Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences.