Aquaponics Common Sense Guide - 3 -
s is agriculture with other growing medium besides soil.
is fish farming withoutplants. Aquaponics is a symbiotic combination of the two.S & S Aqua Farm pioneered the aquaponics system as we all know it today. Please visit them at:http://www.jaggartech.com/snsaqua/page2.htm In an aquaponics system, fish eat food and produce waste (mainly ammonia). Ammonia is hazardous tofish, even in small quantities (.04 mg/l) and toxicity increases in relation to pH and temperature. Ammonia(NH3) is food for beneficial bacteria (Nitrosomonas) which turns it into nitrite (NO2) waste and then anothertype of beneficial bacteria (Nitrobacter) turns the nitrite into nitrate (NO3) waste. Nitrate is less harmful to fish.The nitrate, phosphorous, and potassium are food for plants/algae which remove these from the water the fishlive in. This is known as the “Nitrogen Cycle”. When the system is in balance, the water will be crystal clear andammonia and nitrite levels will be zero. Short videos reiterating this are at:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bCV7DABEz20&feature=relatedAquaponics is based on the common belief of an organic production of plants and fish. Fish productionusing aquaponics regularly uses Tilapia, Bluegill, and Catfish. Other common fish that are used in anaquaponics environment, but not necessarily for fish production, are carp/goldfish, perch, trout, silvers, jades,and bass. All fish, including goldfish and tropical fish, are okay to use for plant and vegetable production, evenin small tanks. Ensure that the fish can tolerate your environment. Plant production varies with the amount of food the fish are able to consume, thereby generating waste as food for the beneficial bacteria and plants. Peoplealso use other freshwater animals such as crayfish (crawfish, crawdads, marron), prawn, and mussels.Aquaponics systems range in size from small converted aquariums to large commercial operations producingplants and fish for sale to restaurants and consumers.