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Chapter 5: principle of convection

Chapter 5: principle of convection

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: A.N.M. Mominul Islam Mukut on Dec 18, 2010
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12/18/2010

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CHAPTER 5 Principles of Convection
5-1 INTRODUCTION5-2 VISCOUS FLOW
]15[
!
dydu
 Q
viscosityDynamic
 Q
boundary layer 
:
the region of flow that develops from theleading edge of a plate in which the effects of the viscosity areobservedThe outside boundary of a boundary layer is usually chosen asthe point where the velocity of flow is 99 percent of the free-stream value.Shear stress
:
 
Three regimes of boundary-layer flow
1. Laminar flow2. Transitional flow3. Turbulent flowRenolds numberFor most analytical purposes, the critical number for thetransition is usually taken as
5
105
v
5
105
v"!
gg
 Q V
xuv xu
]25[Re
!
g
v xu
 x
The transition occurs when
 
The critical Re for transition is strongly dependent on thesurface roughness condition and the ³turbulent level´of thefree-stream.The normal range for the beginning of transition is between
:
65
10105
to
v
For very large disturbances present in the flow, transitionmay begin with Renolds number as low as
5
10
Foe flows that are very free from fluctuation, the transitionmay not start until
6
102Re
v!
The transition is completed at Re twice the value at thetransition begin.

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