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Numerical Simulation of the Filling and Curing Stages in Reaction Injection Moulding, using CFX

Numerical Simulation of the Filling and Curing Stages in Reaction Injection Moulding, using CFX

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Commonly used methods for injection moulding simulation involve a considerable number of simplifications, leading to a significant reduction of the computational effort but, in some cases also to limitations. In this work, Reaction Injection Moulding (RIM) simulations are performed with a minimum of simplifications, by using the general purpose CFD software package CFX, designed for numerical simulation of fluid flow and heat and mass transfer.
The CFX’s homogeneous multiphase flow model, which is generally considered to be the appropriate choice for modelling free surface flows where the phases are completely stratified and the interface is well defined, is shown to be unable to model the filling process correctly. This problem is overcome through the implementation of the inhomogeneous model in combination with the free-slip boundary condition for the air phase.
The cure reaction is implemented in the code as a transport equation for an additional scalar variable, with a source term. Various transient and advection schemes are tested to determine which ones produce the most accurate results.
Finally, the mass conservation, momentum, cure and energy equations are implemented all together to simulate the simultaneous filling and curing processes present in the RIM process. The obtained numerical results show a good global accuracy when compared with other available numerical and experimental results, though considerably long computation times are required to perform the simulations.

(also available from: https://sites.google.com/site/ruiigreja2/MyMasterThesis )
Commonly used methods for injection moulding simulation involve a considerable number of simplifications, leading to a significant reduction of the computational effort but, in some cases also to limitations. In this work, Reaction Injection Moulding (RIM) simulations are performed with a minimum of simplifications, by using the general purpose CFD software package CFX, designed for numerical simulation of fluid flow and heat and mass transfer.
The CFX’s homogeneous multiphase flow model, which is generally considered to be the appropriate choice for modelling free surface flows where the phases are completely stratified and the interface is well defined, is shown to be unable to model the filling process correctly. This problem is overcome through the implementation of the inhomogeneous model in combination with the free-slip boundary condition for the air phase.
The cure reaction is implemented in the code as a transport equation for an additional scalar variable, with a source term. Various transient and advection schemes are tested to determine which ones produce the most accurate results.
Finally, the mass conservation, momentum, cure and energy equations are implemented all together to simulate the simultaneous filling and curing processes present in the RIM process. The obtained numerical results show a good global accuracy when compared with other available numerical and experimental results, though considerably long computation times are required to perform the simulations.

(also available from: https://sites.google.com/site/ruiigreja2/MyMasterThesis )

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Published by: Rui on Aug 07, 2008
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12/21/2012

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Universidade de Aveiro
 
2007
 Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica
 
Rui AlexandreAires da TrindadeIgreja
Numerical Simulation of the Filling and CuringStages in Reaction Injection Moulding, using CFX
Simulação Numérica das Fases de Enchimento eCura em
Reaction Injection Moulding 
, usando o CFX
 
Curriculum Vitae 
 
 
This page was intentionally left blank 
 
 
Universidade de Aveiro
 
2007
 Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica
 
Rui AlexandreAires da TrindadeIgreja
Numerical Simulation of the Filling and CuringStages in Reaction Injection Moulding, using CFX
Simulação Numérica das Fases de Enchimento eCura em
Reaction Injection Moulding 
, usando o CFX
 
Dissertação apresentada à Universidade de Aveiro para cumprimento dosrequisitos necessários à obtenção do grau de Mestre em EngenhariaMecânica, realizada sob a orientação científica do Doutor Vítor AntónioFerreira da Costa, Professor Associado do Departamento de EngenhariaMecânica da Universidade de Aveiro
 
O trabalho conducente a esta dissertação foi realizado no âmbito doProjecto de Investigação POCTI/EME/39247/2001, financiado pelaFundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia e co-financiado pelo FEDER.

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