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FEMA Woodgas plans

FEMA Woodgas plans

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Published by Brian Cihak
Plans to make a wood gassifier.
Plans to make a wood gassifier.

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Published by: Brian Cihak on Dec 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/21/2014

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Construction of a Simplified Wood GasGenerator for Fueling Internal CombustionEngines in a Petroleum Emergency
 By:H. LaFontaine, Biomass Energy Foundation, lnc. Miami, Florida And:F. P. Zimmerman, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Energy DivisionFEMA lnteragency Agreement Number: EMW-84-E-1737 Work Unit: 3521 DFor:
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C. 20472
"This report has been reviewed in the Federal Emergency Management Agency and approved for  publication. Approval does not signify that the contents necessarily reflect the views and policiesof the Federal Emergency Management Agency." 
Date Published: March 1989APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE: DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED
 
:
CONTENTS
 ABSTRACTEXECUTIVE SUMMARYS.1. PRINCIPLES OF SOLID FUEL GASIFICATIONS.2. THE STRATIFIED, DOWNDRAIFT GASIFIER 1. WHAT 1S A WOOD GAS GENERATOR AND HOW DOES IT WORK?1.1.INTRODUCTION1.2.PRINCIPLES OF SOLID FUEL GASIFICATION1.3.BACKGROUND INFORMATION1.3.1.The World War II, Embowered Gasifier 1.3.2.The Stratified, Downdraft Gasifier 2. BUILDING YOUR OWN WOOD GAS GENERATOR 2.1. BUILDING THE GAS GENERATOR UNIT AND THE FUEL HOPPER 2.2. BUILDING THE PRIMARY FILTER UNIT.2.3. BUILDING THE CARBURETING UNIT WITH THE AIR AND THROTTLE CONTROLS3. OPERATING AND MAINTAINING YOUR WOOD GAS GENERATOR 3.1. USING WOOD AS A FUEL3.2. SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS AND ENGINE MODIFICATIONS3.3. INITIAL START-UP PROCEDURE3.4. ROUTINE START-UP PROCEDURE3.5. DRIVING AND NORMAL OPERATION3.6. SHUTTING DOWN THE GASIFIER UNIT
 
Contents
3.7. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE3.7.1 Daily Maintenance3.7.2 Weekly Maintenance (or every 15 hours of operation)3.7.3 Biweekly Maintenance (or every 30 hours of operation)3.8. OPERATING PROBLEMS AND TROUBLE-SHOOTINGCONTENTS3.9. HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH GASIFIER OPERATION3.9.1. Toxic Hazards3.9.2. Technical Aspects of "Generator Gas, Poisoning"3.9.3. Fire HazardAPPENDICESAPPENDIX I. CONVERSION FACTORS FOR SI UNITSAPPENDIX II. LIST OF FIGURES APPENDIX III. LIST OF TABLESAPPENDIX IV. BIBLIOGRAPHY

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