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Analysis of the 2010 National Securuty Strategy(Davis)

Analysis of the 2010 National Securuty Strategy(Davis)

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Published by Ian Davis
Analysis of NSS 2010 and implications for the development of forthcoming National Defense and Military Strategies
Analysis of NSS 2010 and implications for the development of forthcoming National Defense and Military Strategies

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Published by: Ian Davis on Dec 19, 2010
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  NAVAL WAR COLLEGEMonterey Program NATIONAL SECURITY DECISION MAKING MIDTERM EXAMINATIONByIan S. DavisMajor, USAA paper submitted to the Faculty of the Naval War College in partial satisfaction of therequirements of the Department of National Security Decision Making.The contents of this paper reflect my own personal views and are not necessarilyendorsed by the Naval War College or the Department of the Navy.Signature: /s/ I. S. Davis. Ian S. DavisDate: 08 NOV 2010Signature: /s/ J. S. Breemer Dr. J. S. Breemer Professor, NSD
 
1In May 2010, the White House released the National Security Strategy (NSS) for theUnited States of America.
1
This grand strategy document set forth President Barack Obama¶sstrategic vision and guidance for protecting the nation¶s vital interests at home and abroad. The2010 National Security Strategy (NSS 2010) is a strategic message conveyed to the American people, the U.S. Government, and the world that codifies the purpose and direction of U.S.foreign and domestic policy related to national security. In the military sense, the documentserves as the Commander in Chief¶s intent that identifies the purpose of the U.S. strategy and thedesired end state. The key concept taught in the National Security Decision Making Course thatis prevalent throughout NSS 2010 is how strategic communication provides an overarchingframework that drives all aspects of U.S. domestic and foreign security policy and all activitiesmust nest with that strategic guidance and vision.The release of NSS 2010 predicates the necessity to craft the National Defense Strategy(NDS) and the National Military Strategy (NMS) that are nested with the ObamaAdministration¶s 2010 strategic guidance. This guidance is based on four interconnectedenduring national interests: 1) the security of the United States, its citizens, and U.S. allies and partners; 2) a strong, innovative, and growing U.S. economy in an open international economicsystem that promotes opportunity and prosperity; 3) respect for universal values at home andaround the world, and 4) an international order advanced by U.S. leadership that promotes peace,security, and opportunity through stronger cooperation to meet global challenges.
2
Whenupdated, the NDS and NMS must state how the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces of the United States will support the objectives outlined in NSS 2010 by ensuring a secure
1
Barack Obama, "National Security Strategy,"
The White House
, May 27, 2010,www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/rss.../national_security_strategy.pdf (accessed May 28, 2010).
2
Ibid., 17.
 
2homeland and pursuing a comprehensive global engagement strategy to strengthen nationalcapacity through a Whole of Government (WOG) approach.As established in the U.S. Constitution, the U.S. Government has no greater responsibility than the common defense of its citizens.
3
NSS 2010 provides strategic guidance tothe U.S. Department of Defense in the pursuit of its four primary objectives: prevail in today¶swars, prevent and deter conflict, prepare to defeat adversaries and succeed in a wide range of contingencies, and preserve and enhance the All-Volunteer Force.
4
This strategy begins withstrengthening security and resilience at home to protect against terrorism, natural disasters, large-scale cyber-attacks, and pandemics. Initiatives must protect critical vulnerabilities by denyingfreedom of movement for hostile actors within the U.S. and strengthen security at and beyondour borders. Collaborative mechanisms for emergency management and disaster preparednesswith interoperability of all levels of governmental, non-governmental, and private sectors are keyto rapidly recover from disaster. Engaging and empowering individuals and communities bothlocally and regionally are essential for countering radicalization inside and outside our borders inorder to provide a safe and secure homeland that promotes prosperity.America will leverage all elements of national power through a WOG approach thatemploys all available military and civil resources to disrupt, dismantle, and defeat al-Qa¶ida andits violent extremist affiliates in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and around the world. In order toilluminate and interdict the dark networks of al-Qa¶ida, the U.S., in collaboration with the UnitedKingdom, France, and Germany, must establish a seamless global network of analysts and
3
Library of Congress,
Un
ited States Co
n
 stitutio
n:
Primary Docume
n
ts i
n
America
n
History
, September 17, 1787,http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Constitution.html#American (accessed November 5, 2010).
4
Robert M. Gates, "United States Department of Defense Quadrennial Defense Review Report,"
U.
.
Departme
n
t of  Defe
n
 se
, February 12, 2010, http://www.defense.gov/qdr/images/QDR_as_of_12Feb10_1000.pdf (accessedFebruary 17, 2010).

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