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Pollution Control in Dye Industry

Pollution Control in Dye Industry

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Published by Rahul
Pollution Control in Dye Industry
Pollution Control in Dye Industry

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Rahul on Dec 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/02/2013

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POLLUTION CONTROL IN DYEPOLLUTION CONTROL IN DYEINDUSTRYINDUSTRY
 
IntroductionIntroduction
A dye can generally be described as a colored substanceA dye can generally be described as a colored substancethat has an affinity to the substrate to which it is beingthat has an affinity to the substrate to which it is beingapplied. The dye is generally applied in an aqueous solution,applied. The dye is generally applied in an aqueous solution,and may require a mordant to improve the fastness of the dyeand may require a mordant to improve the fastness of the dyeon the fiber on the fiber 
Both dyes and pigments appear to be colored because theyBoth dyes and pigments appear to be colored because theyabsorb some wavelengths of light preferentially. In contrastabsorb some wavelengths of light preferentially. In contrastwith a dye, a pigment generally is insoluble, and has nowith a dye, a pigment generally is insoluble, and has noaffinity for the substrate.affinity for the substrate.
Electronic excitation energies
 
*
 
*
 
  
*
   
*
 
n 
*
 n 
*
 
n  
*
 n  
*
 
aromatic   aromatic 
*
 aromatic   aromatic 
*
 
ChromophoreChromophore
::
it is a functional groups which are unsaturatedit is a functional groups which are unsaturatedand they cause a compound to become coloured.and they cause a compound to become coloured.Examples of chromophores areExamples of chromophores are ±  ±N=N N=N--,, --C=CC=C--,, --C=NC=N--andand -- C=O.C=O.
1. Transitions involving
, , and n electrons1. Transitions involving
, , and n electrons2. Transitions involving charge2. Transitions involving charge--transfer electronstransfer electrons 3. Transitions involving d and f electrons3. Transitions involving d and f electrons

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