Tareekh 2010 Page 9.2www.madressa.net
LESSON 1: IMAM JA'FAR AS-SADIQ (A)
as-Sadiq (The Truthful One)
Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (A)
Bibi Umme Farwa binte Qasim (A)
17th Rabi-ul-Awwal 83 A.H. in Madina
From 114 A.H. to 148 A.H.
25th Shawwal 148 A.H.
Madina, Saudi Arabia.Imam (A) has the same birth date as our Holy Prophet (S). Amongst his titles are
al-Faazil (the Successful) and at-Tahir (the Pure).
He was brought up in the care of hisgrandfather, Imam Ali Zainul Abideen (A) for 12 years and then remained under theguidance of his father, Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (A) for another 19 years.During the lifetime of Imam (A), the Bani Abbas took over the reins of political powerfrom the Bani Umayyah. In this period of internal wars and upheavals, he was notdisturbed by the rulers. He used this opportunity to advance the work started by hisfather and he set up a large teaching centre.Many students from foreign countries came to learn from Imam (A).His classes and sessions of instruction produced 4,000 scholars ofHadith and the sciences. Amongst his famous students were Hishambin Hakam, Jaabir bin Hayyaan and Abu Hanifah. Imam (A) wasresponsible for organising the Fiqh (laws) of the Shia faith, which iswhy we are sometimes known as the Ja'fari Shia.Once a man from Iran by the name of Sahl bin Hasancame to Imam (A) and asked him why he did not fightfor his right when there were so many Shia in Iran readyto fight with him. In reply Imam (A) took Sahl to the fireplace and asked him to sit in the blazing fire. Sahlbegan to tremble and said that he had a family to returnto, and begged to be excused from this test.Meanwhile, Haroon Makki, a close companion of Imam(A), arrived, having just returned from Hajj. Imam (A) asked him to jump in the fire andhe did so at once. After a while, Imam (A) asked Sahl to look in the fire place. Sahl sawthat Haroon sat there, quite unharmed. Imam (A) asked Sahl how many such followerswere there in Iran, to which the man replied, "None, master." Having made his point,Imam (A) asked Haroon to come out of the fire.