:This study is an overview of three different cases of inter/intra state conflict, Bosnia,Kosovo and Macedonia, and the means and methods used to bring about negotiations which led to settlement agreements in those conflicts More specificallythis paper will focus on the conditions necessary to bring the relevant parties innegotiations to agreement, the context of which is known as a ripe moment whichled to successful negotiations. I will focus on three aspects of ripeness and indicatewhether each was present, this will serve as the quantitative portion of the paper.The qualitative portion will focus on describing the history leading to the ripemoment and to what degree those elements were present or not present.
Ripeness as a concept
Within the community of scholars and practitioners of mediation and negotiationstrategy the concept of ripeness is one that engenders dispute as to its very nature.Ripeness still suffers from [a] lack of precise definition and satisfactoryoperationalization (Schrodt, Yilmaz and Gerner 2003). Is ripeness based on a set of factors, each of which must be present to a certain degree to bring conflictingparties to agreement? Or is ripeness temporal, dependent upon the length of conflict, regardless of the presence or intensity of any attendant factors?In this study I will leave aside the question as to the exact definition of ripeness anduse Zartmans explanation of ripeness as being predictive, however, in identifyingthe elements necessary (even if not sufficient)
for the productive inauguration
of negotiations (Zartman 2000, 228). Using this definition I intend to focus onZartmans elaboration of three main elements of ripeness to categorize each of mycase studies. These are as follows: