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Gas Cylinder

Gas Cylinder

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Published by Dennis Segera

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Published by: Dennis Segera on Dec 20, 2010
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 1
GAS CYLINDER SAFETY GUIDELINES
Prepared by: Iowa State University Environmental Health & SafetyAmes Laboratory Environment, Safety, Health & AssuranceCopyright © August 1997I. INTRODUCTION
Compressed and liquefied gases have the potential for creating hazardous workingenvironments. This Gas Cylinder Safety Guideline contains information on the proper storage,handling, use and disposal of compressed and liquefied gas cylinders. Most of the information isgeneral and applies to all compressed and liquefied gases. Specific information for selectedhazard classes is contained in Section VI titled “Gases with Specific Hazards.”
II. PURPOSE AND SCOPE
Compressed and liquefied gases are routinely used in laboratory andvarious other operations at ISU. This Gas Cylinder SafetyGuideline applies to all ISU employees who use or otherwise handlecompressed or liquefied gases or systems that use compressed orliquefied gases. It is the intent of this guideline to provideinformation on the safe usage of compressed and liquefied gases atISU and afford employee protection from potential health andphysical hazards associated with gas and cylinder usage. ISU promotes the safe use of gasesby offering training and information on the proper storage, handling, usage and disposal of gasesand gas cylinders.Only trained and qualified personnel shall be allowed to use compressed and liquefied gases.Training should include the associated hazards of the materials, necessary safety precautions,personal protective equipment (PPE) and emergency response procedures. Appropriatematerial safety data sheets (MSDS’s), associated “Safetygrams
TM
,” or other gas supplierproduct information shall be made accessible to compressed gas users. Additional informationis available via compressed gas cylinder safety training. Contact ISU EH&S (4-5359) or AmesLaboratory ESH&A (4-2153) for information on the next scheduled class.
III. STORAGE OF COMPRESSED AND LIQUEFIED GAS
Proper storage is critical for the safe usage of compressed andliquefied gases. Cylinder storage areas should be prominentlyposted with hazard information regarding the gases stored. TheNFPA 704 diamond with a cylinder indicated in the “specifichazard” (white) section of the diamond and the corresponding
 
 2
flammability, health and reactivity hazard sections also marked is an accepted method of signage. Other storage requirements are outlined below:
Storage Requirements
All gas cylinders:
§
Shall not be stored in exits or egress routes.
§
Shall be stored within a well-ventilated area.
§
Shall not be stored in damp areas, near salt or corrosive chemicals, fumes, heat or whereexposed to the weather.
§
Shall be stored in an upright position.
§
Shall be secured with a chain or appropriate belt above the midpoint, but below theshoulder. Laboratory cylinders less than 18" tall may be secured by approved stands orwall brackets.
§
Shall be capped when not in use or attached to a system (if the cylinder will accept a cap).
§
Shall be kept at least 20 ft. away from all flammable, combustible or incompatiblesubstances. Storage areas that have a noncombustible wall at least 5 ft. in height and with afire resistance rating of at least 30 minutes may be used to segregate gases of differenthazard classes in close proximity to each other.
§
Shall be stored so that cylinders are used in the order in which they are received.
§
Shall be stored so that gases with the same hazard class are stored in the same area. Inertgases are compatible with all other gases and may be stored together.
§
Shall not be stored longer than one year without use.
§
Shall be stored so that full cylinders remain separate from empty cylinders.
Storage Quantity and Volume
The maximum allowed usage and storage of flammable or toxic compressed gases within alaboratory work area are defined below in Table 1.
TABLE 1Maximum Expanded Volume Quantity (ft
3
) Limitations For Flammable or Toxic Compressed orLiquefied Gas Cylinders In Laboratories
(1)*
Ventilated EnclosureSprinklered RoomVentilated EnclosureNon-Sprinklered RoomNo VentilatedEnclosureSprinklered RoomNo VentilatedEnclosureNon-SprinkleredRoomHighly Toxic
(2)
40 20 No NoToxic
(3)
1620 810 No
(5)
No
(5)
Flammable
(4)
3000 1500 1500 750Notes:(1) Consult manufacturer or local safety office for expanded volume data for various sized cylinders.(2) Appendix C: Any material with a Health rating of 4.(3) Appendix C: Any material with a Health rating of 3.(4) Appendix C: Any material with a “y” in the flammability column (for materials classified as both flammable and toxic, defer tothe toxic limitations).(5) Use of small quantities (i.e., lecture bottles - 2” X 13”) / dilute concentration gases in non-ventilated enclosures must be evaluatedand approved by ISU EH&S or Ames Lab ESH&A.* 1994 Uniform Building Code and 1994 Uniform Fire Code
 
 3
 
V. COMPRESSED AND LIQUEFIED GAS HANDLING
The following requirements shall apply to the handling of gas cylinders:
§
Compressed gases shall be handled only by properly trained persons. Training must includethe contents of this guideline as well as any specific information relevant to the gas beingused and emergency information outlined in ISU’s Chemical Hygiene Plan, available at ISUEH&S or Ames Laboratory ESH&A.
§
Safety shoes are required when moving cylinders.
§
Cylinders should not be dragged or physically carried.Transport cylinders with a handtruck designed for thetransport of cylinders. Cylinder caps shall be secured duringtransport.
§
Prevent damage to cylinders. Locate cylinders where they willbe protected from physical damage by striking or falling objects, corrosion or damage frompublic tampering.
§
No person other than the gas supplier shall attempt to mix gases in a cylinder.
§
Cylinders shall not be subjected to artificially created low temperatures without approvalfrom the supplier.
§
Containers shall not be used for any other purpose than holding the contents as received.
§
Damaged or leaking cylinders must be reported to EH&S or local safety office immediatelyfor proper disposal. See disposal information on page 8.
§
Cylinders shall not be picked up by the cap.
§
Ropes, chains and slings shall not be used to suspend cylinders, unless cylinder wasdesigned for such.
§
Magnets shall not be used for lifting cylinders.
§
Where appropriate lifting attachments have not been provided on the cylinder/container,suitable cradles or platforms to hold the containers shall be used for lifting.
§
The user shall not paint cylinders.
§
Leaking, defective, fire burned and corroded containers shall not be shipped without theapproval of the supplier.
§
See references in Appendix A.
V. COMPRESSED AND LIQUEFIED GAS USE
Listed below are general “good practice” guidelines to follow when using gas cylinders andcompressed gases.
General Requirements
§
Ensure that regulator pressure control valve is relieved (i.e., closed) before attaching totanks.

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