Furthermore, because resources help groups to act towards their interests moreeffectively, groups with more resources tend to succeed. This general framework characterizes the work of Karl Marx, Max Weber, and numerous more current socialtheorists of different types.
are perspectives in social sciencewhich
emphasize the social, political or material inequality of asocial group,which critique the
broad socio-political system, or which otherwise detract fromstructural functionalism and ideological conservativism.Conflict theories draw attention to power differentials,
such asclass conflict, and generally contrast historically dominantideologies. Many
conflict theories set out to highlight the ideological aspects inherent in traditionalthought. In Sociology, Conflict Theory states that society or an organization functions sothat each individual participant and its groups struggle to maximize their benefits, whichinevitably contributes to social change such as political changes and revolutions. Thetheory is mostly applied to explain conflict between social classes. Conflict Theorydescribes conflict between groups of people and the reasons why conflict is present andwhy we make the actions we do in society, however Conflict Theory is still questionablewhether it directly represents the ideal human society. Although conflict has always beencentral to sociological theory and analysis, Conflict Theory is the label generally attachedto the sociological writings of opponents to the dominance of structural functionalism, inthe two decades after the Second World War. Its proponents on Max Weber and KarlMarx to construct their arguments, giving differing emphases to economic conflict andconflict about power. This is where history plays a role in determing what ConflictTheory is all about. Conflict Theory can also be traced back to Thomas Hobbes andMachiavelli. Conflict theorists such as Machiavelli and Hobbes would argue that allgroups in society are born from conflict. An example might be that of labor unions,which are developed to fight for the interests of workers, whereas trade organizations aremade to fight for the interests of the wealthier classes. This theory of groups is opposedto functionalism in which each of these groups would play a specific, set role in society.In functionalism, these groups cooperate to benefit society whereas in conflict theory thegroups are in opposition to one another as they seek to better their masters. ConflictTheory is backed by four basic principles to why conflict occurs between social classes.These principles are competition, structural inequality, revolution, and war.