Antibiotics are antibacterial substances produced by various species of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, and actinomycetes) that suppress thegrowth of other microorganisms.
Antibiotics are classified based on chemical structure & mechanism of actions:a) Agents that inhibit bacterial cell wall-
-lactam class- penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems
Dissimilar agents such as cyloserine, vancomycin, bacitracinb) Acting on cellwall causing leakage of intra-cellular compounds-
Polyene antifungal agents- nystatin, amphotericin