Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
15Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Modul Mikroorganisma Dan Kesannya Kepada Manusia

Modul Mikroorganisma Dan Kesannya Kepada Manusia

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2,776 |Likes:
Published by Norliyana Ali
MODUL SAINS TINGKATAN 5
MODUL SAINS TINGKATAN 5

More info:

Published by: Norliyana Ali on Dec 21, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/31/2013

pdf

text

original

 
TOPIC 1: CLASSIFICATION OF MICROORGANISMS AND ITS EFFECT TOLIFE( MIKROORGANISMA DAN KESANNYA KE ATAS KEHIDUPAN)
1.
Microorganism can be classified into
bacteria, fungi, protozoa, virusand algae.
(Mikroorganisma dikelaskan kepada
bakteria, kulat, protozoa, virusdan alga.)
2.
Microorganism activities can be affected by nutrient and environmentfactor such as
pH, humidity, temperature and light.
(Aktiviti mikroorganisma dipengaruhi oleh
nutrien
dan faktor persekitaranseperti 
 pH, kelembapan, suhu dan cahaya)
3.
Microorganism good in
(Mikroorganisma berfaedah dalam )
(a)Food digestion in herbivore intestine 
(Pencernaan makanan dalam usus herbivor)
(b)
medicine
(Bidang perubatan
)
(c)
agriculture
(Bidang pertanian)
 
(d)
industry
(Bidang perindustrian)
(e)
decaying process
(Pereputan )
4.
Example diseases cause by microorganism
( Contoh penyakit yang disebabkan oleh mikroorganisma)
(a) Bakteria – tibi, kolera, penyakit kelamin (gonorea dan sifilis)(b) Virus - selesema , demam denggi,hepatitis A ,hepatitis B, dan sindromkurang daya tahan (AIDS )(c) Kulat –panau dan kurap(d) Protozoa – Malaria
5.
Way of spreading the disease (
Cara jangkitan penyakit)
(a) Air 
(Udara)
(b) water 
(Air)
(c) food (
Makanan)
(d) touch
(Sentuhan)
(e) vector 
(Vektor / pembawa)
 
6.
way to prevent disease
(Cara pencegahan penyakit)
(a) vector control
(Kawalan vector 
)
1
 
(b) sterilization
(Pensterilan)
(c) immunization
(Pengimunan)
7.
Immunization
is process which increases the body’s defence againstdiseases
.
(Keimunan
merupakan keupayaan badan untuk menentang jangkitanpatogen )
8.
immunization can be categorize into 2 types
(Keimunan terbahagi kepada2 jenis)
(a) active immunity
(Keimunan aktif)
(b) pasif immunity
( Keimunan pasif)
9.
Active immunity can be divided into
(Keimunan aktif dibahagikan kepada)
(a)
Natural active immunity
(Keimunan aktif semula jadi)
(b)
Artificial active immunity
(Keimunan aktif buatan)
10.
pasif immunity can be divided into
(Keimunan pasif dibahagikan kepada)
(a)
natural passive immunity
(Keimunan pasif semula jadi)
(b)
artificial passive immunity (
Keimunan pasif buatan)
11.
Natural active immunity is immunity that produce after recovers fromdisease.
(Keimunan aktif semula jadi ialah keimunan yang diperolehsetelah sembuh daripada sesuatu penyakit)
12.
Artificial active immunity is immunity from injection of vaccine (weakenedor dead pathogen )
(Keimunan aktif buatan diperoleh melalui sentikan
vaksin
(ampaian mikroorganisma yang telah dilemahkan atau mati))
13.
Natural passive immunity is immunity from mother’s antibodies crossplacenta to foetus or passes in breast milk to newborn baby
( Keimunan pasif semula jadi diperoleh apabila
antibodi 
daripada ibu dipindahkankepada fetus atau apabila bayi diberikan susu ibu)
14.
Artificial passive immunity is immunity from injection of antiserum (serumwhich contains antibodies collected from animal or other people)
(Keimunan pasif buatan diperoleh melalui suntikan
antiserum
(serumyang mengandungi antibodi yang diperoleh daripada haiwan atau orang lain)
2
 
15.
Antigen
is foreign life that penetrates into our body such as virus andbacteria
.
(Antigen
ialah bendasing yang masuk ke dalam badan seperti virus dan bakteria)
16.
Disease caused by microorganism can be treated by modern treatment or traditional.
(Penyakit yang disebabkan oleh mikroorganisma boleh dirawat melalui rawatan moden dan rawatan tradisional)
17.
Modern treatment involves antibiotic, synthetic drugs, antiserum or surgery.
(Rawatan moden melibatkan antibiotik, ubat sintetik, antiserumdan pembedahan)
Exercise (Latihan)1.Lengkapkan carta berikut: 
 
MikroorganismaBerbahayai__________________________   __________________________  2. Bahaya-bahayamikroorganismaii.________________________ _________________________ 
3

Activity (15)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Miranda Lalink liked this
Huda Yusof liked this
Radiah Jailani liked this
Siti Amienaa liked this
quraisah liked this
Firdaus Saamah liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->