Jenkinson, James L.; Nelson, James A.; Huddleston,MayE. 1993.
Improving plantingstockquality—the Humboldt experience.
Gen.Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-143. Albany, CA: PacificSouthwestResearch Station, Forest Service,U.S. Department of Agriculture; 219 p.
A seedling testing programwas developed to improve the survival and growth potential of plantingstockproduced in the USDA Forest Service HumboldtNursery, situated on the PacificCoastin northern California. Coastal and inlandseedsourcesof Douglas-fir and eightotherconifers in thePacific Slope forests of westernOregonandnorthern California were assessed inbothnurseryandfieldstudies. Seedlingtop and root growth capacities were evaluatedjust afterlifting and after coldstorage, and stored seedlings were tested for survival and growth on cleared planting sites in the seedzones oforigin. Safe lifting andcold storage schedules weredefined,and seedling cultural regimeswere formulatedtoproducesuccessful 1-0, 1-1,and 2-0stock types. Testing demonstrated thecritical elementsof reforestationandproved thatrapid establishmentis attainable on diverse sites.Accomplishmentsof the Humboldt program recommendsimilarprogramsfor other forest nurseriesand their service regions.
artificial regeneration, nursery management,plantationestablishment, reforestation,seedling culture, seedling root growthcapacity, seedling survival;
Abies concolor, A. grandis, A.magnifica
shastensis, A. procera,Libocedrus decurrens, Picea sitchensis, Pseudotsuga menziesii
menziesii, Thuja plicata, Tsuga heterophylla
James L. Jenkinson
is research plant physiologist, Instituteof Forest Genetics, PacificSouthwestResearch Station,Albanyand Placerville, CA.
James A. Nelson
is supervisory forestry technician andseedling cultural specialist, HumboldtNursery,SixRivers NationalForest, PacificSouthwest Region,McKinleyville, CA.
May E. Huddleston
is an editor-writerand publications consultant in Petaluma,CA,and formertechnical publications editor,Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany,CA, andIntermountain ResearchStation, Ogden, UT.
Michel J. “Mitch”Knight,Pacific Southwest Regionreforestation specialist(retired), conceived andaggressively backed HumboldtNursery’sseedling testingprogram. EdithAlbro, Barbara Christie(retired), Alta Colson(retired), Lavelle Frisbee, Dorothy Phillips(deceased),andSally Thompsonin1975-90sampled 105 seed sources,evaluated growthcapacities of
seedlings, processed80,000forfield performance tests,and managed a dozen studies of nursery culture alternatives. LeeWhitman, industrial equipmentmechanic, and Brian Konnersman,building maintenance worker,helped designand buildthetest equipment and greenhouse, office-head house,andcoldstoragefacilities. Some 400cooperators — USDA ForestService andUSDI Bureau of LandManagement,PacificSouthwest and Northwest Regions— planted and measured seedlingsin 100 testson clearedsites in thePacific Slope forests of California and Oregon. Diana Doyal, computer programmeranalyst, Instituteof ForestGenetics,Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, CA, provided thestatistical analyses andgraphics.Manuscripts were reviewed by John Fiske, reforestation forester,PacificSouthwest Region, San Francisco; Mel Greenup, formerlyforest silviculturist,Siskiyou NationalForest,OR, and now manager, InterregionalPort-Orford-Cedar Program, Grants Pass,OR; CynthiaHenchell, superintendent formerly at Humboldt Nursery,Six Rivers National Forest,CA,andnow atWind RiverNursery, Gifford Pinchot NationalForest,WA; and WilliamH.Scheuner,superintendent(retired), Placerville Nursery,Eldorado NationalForest,CA. Lindsay W. Olsen, photographer,EurekaandSanta Rosa,CA, photographedoperations at Humboldt Nursery andregeneration unitsontheGasquet Ranger District.MarletteGrant, civil engineering technician, Six RiversNational Forest,provided computer supportfor tablelayouts.Bradford J.Kirby, computer consultant, MountainView,CA, drew the maps, refined graphics,and provided the finished layout.
Shown in Humboldt Nursery are (top pair) 2-0 and 1-1 Douglas-fir, (middle pair) 2-0 westernhemlock and western redcedar, (bottom pair) 2-0Sitka spruce, and 1-0 red alder and Jeffrey pine.