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Managing outdoor recreation in California: visitor contact studies

Managing outdoor recreation in California: visitor contact studies

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Published by: PACIFIC SOUTHWEST RESEARCH STATION REPORT on Dec 21, 2010
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United StatesDepartmentof AgricultureForest Service
Pacific SouthwestResearch Station
General Techncial ReportPSW-GTR-180
Managing Outdoor Recreationin California: Visitor ContactStudies 1989-1998
Deborah J. Chavez
 
 
Publisher
Albany, CaliforniaMailing address:PO Box 245, Berkeley CA94701-0245(510) 559-6300http://www.psw.fs.fed.us
 January 2001
Pacific Southwest Research Station
Forest Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Abstract
Chavez, Deborah J. 2001.
Managing outdoor recreation in California: visitor contactstudies 1989-1998
. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-180. Albany, CA: Pacific SouthwestResearch Station, Forest Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture; 100 p.
Findings from 30 outdoor recreation visitor contact studies that wereconducted in California between 1989 and 1998 are summarized. Analyses focuson recreationist profiles, patterns of participation, beliefs and opinions,communication patterns, and depreciative behaviors. Although the “typical”respondent to the survey sites was white, there were many sites where significantnumbers of racial and ethnic minorities were recreating. Visitors chose the areas because the mountains and deserts are important to them. Some sites hadmoderately sized visitor groups; others had large groups, though the sites theywere visiting did not necessarily have the facilities and amenities needed to servethem. Management guidelines and future research needs for outdoor recreationare highlighted.
Retrieval Terms
: adaptive management, cultural diversity, outdoor recreation,recreation management, recreation participation, California
The Author
Deborah J. Chavez
is a research social scientist with the Station’s WildlandRecreation and Urban Cultures Research Unit, 4955 Canyon Crest Drive,Riverside, CA 92507-6099. E-mail: dchavez@fs.fed.us.
 
Pacific SouthwestResearch Station
USDA Forest ServiceGeneral TechnicalReportPSW-GTR-180
 January 2001
Contents
In Brief. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iiiAcknowledgments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vIntroduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1Purpose. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1Background. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2Benefits of the Compilation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Limitations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Pacific Southwest Research Station/Bureau of Land ManagementCooperative Research. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Program Goals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Project Implementation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5Reporting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5Background on All Study Areas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5National Forests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5Bureau of Land Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8Socio-demographic Profiling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10California. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Demographic Shifts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Recreation Style. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Theories about Participation in Outdoor Recreation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Individual Studies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Respondent Profiles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Socio-demographic Variables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Discussion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Respondent Recreation Patterns. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23Variables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Discussion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Managing Outdoor Recreationin California: Visitor ContactStudies 1989-1998
Deborah J. Chavez

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