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Least cost formulation in aquafeed

Least cost formulation in aquafeed

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Aquafeed formulation is a fast growing business, yet relatively new. Growing world population, pressure on the use of marine ingredients, price volatility of raw materials, better availability of nutritional knowledge and difficulties in the production of aqua diet make aqua diet formulation a challenging business. A professional and state of the art least cost formulation software, like BESTMIX® (a product by software specialist Adifo) is essential to develop sustainable, cost effective and nutritionally complete feeds.
Aquafeed formulation is a fast growing business, yet relatively new. Growing world population, pressure on the use of marine ingredients, price volatility of raw materials, better availability of nutritional knowledge and difficulties in the production of aqua diet make aqua diet formulation a challenging business. A professional and state of the art least cost formulation software, like BESTMIX® (a product by software specialist Adifo) is essential to develop sustainable, cost effective and nutritionally complete feeds.

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Published by: International Aquafeed magazine on Dec 22, 2010
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 January | February 2010Feature title: Least cost formulation in aquafeed
International Aquafeed is published five times a year by Perendale Publishers Ltd of the United Kingdom. All data is published in good faith, based on information received, and while every care is taken to prevent inaccuracies,the publishers accept no liability for any errors or omissions or for the consequences of action taken on the basis of information published.©Copyright 2009 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any formor by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. Printed by Perendale Publishers Ltd. ISSN: 1464-0058
 
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quafeed formulation is afast growing business, yetrelatively new. Growing world population, pressureon the use of marine ingredients,price volatility of raw materials, betteravailability of nutritional knowledgeand difficulties in the production of aqua diet make aqua diet formulationa challenging business. A professionaland state of the art least cost for-mulation software, like BESTMIX
 ®
 (a product by software specialistAdifo) is essential to develop sustain-able, cost effective and nutritionallycomplete feeds.
Data managementand integration
The general principles of least costformulation for aquafeed are the same asin agrifeed. The nutritionist manages hisset of ingredients by setting the measuredand calculated nutrient values. Then, takinginto account the ingredient prices and theavailability per plant, the software creates aleast cost formula that fulfils the ingredientand nutritional requirements of the diet.However, the quality and ‘real world’ cost
Figure 1: Data integration of formulation data
by Peter De Letter, Consultant BESTMIX
®
feed formulation software email: peter.deletter@adifo.be, Adifo NV, Belgiumand Jean Broers, Product Manager BESTMIX
®
feed formulation software email: jean.broers@adifo.be
Least-cost formulation inaquafeeds
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| January-February 2011
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assure this quality. BESTMIX
®
containsa lot optimization module to take thereal-time ingredient quality in account atproduction time. Each lot of an ingredi-ent has a specific quality. This qualitycan be registered and controlled onlineupon the intake of each lot by usingBESTMIX
®
LIMS, Adifo’s Lab ManagementInformation System software. BESTMIX
®
 will help the nutritionist and productionmanager to optimize the usage of eachlot, guaranteeing an optimal productionprocess and a stable quality (Figure 2).A second control mechanism is theuse of swing values: tolerances are setfor minimum and maximum deviations oningredient percentages determined in theR&D formula.
Adjusting to the marketusing multiblend tools
Theoretically, it is possible to createthe ideal formula: being both nutrition-ally fulfilling as well as cost effective ata certain point in time. Yet, ingredientresources and prices are very volatileand can change drastically in the shortterm. Using multiblend tools, the leastcost formulation program will take intoaccount ingredient availability and pricesof stock, contracts and the market.Nutritionists and purchasers can sittogether and create the most economi-cal overall solution for the whole plantfor a certain defined period. The momentof stocks and contracts usage can evenbe optimized: it can be cheaper to keepyour current stock for a later period andbuy an alternative lot of this ingredientat current market conditions (Figure3). Using BESTMIX® multiblend, feedproducers can reduce raw material costsby more than 1%.This way, the limited and more expen-sources combined with additives likelysine, methionine, enzymes to increaseessential nutrient availability from thesesources and phosphate additives takinginto account antinutritional factors of phytic acids for example.Gut physiology and development varywidely between the different aquaculturespecies and life stages. Therefore it isimportant to be able to set up aqua dietsper species and life stage. The nutritionistcan create constraint frameworks andcalculate specific nutrient availability forlarvae and adult animal types. This con-cept has already proven to maximize costeffectiveness in agrifeed.Developing fish feed is a phasedresearch and development project. In thefinal stage, when the production is definedand set, the diet should not change toodrastically in order to guarantee thedefined R&D characteristics. Still, theguaranteed nutritional values must be metat all times. Small quality changes of theseingredients will result in large deviationsof the quality in the end-product. Theproduction formulator must take thisinto account to deliver feed with stablequality. Developments are available toeffectiveness of theaqua diet stands orfalls with the qualityof the available data.Import wizards andspecial data manage-ment tools help thenutritionist to gaintime and have a reli-able database whereprices, stock data,nutritional data andquality constraintsare up to date.BESTMIX
®
feed for-mulation softwareoffers the possibility to exchange informa-tion with ERP and production systems andto import nutritional data and calculationrules from external ingredient suppliers orresearch institutes. In addition, the softwareis able to use online data coming fromNIR apparatus filtered through a speciallab module called BESTMIX
®
LIMS (seefigure 1).
Fulfilling nutritional andingredient constraints
Aqua diets contain a high concentra-tion of protein and fat. This adds extracomplexity to aqua diet formulation.Aqua feed nutritionists are challenged bythe need to reduce reliance on marineprotein and lipid sources offering newalternative protein sources. BESTMIX
®
 helps searching for nutritionally validalternatives by getting the most out of the nutritional potential of all ingredients.When setting a maximum constraint onmarine oil and protein sources, or in caseprices and availability are not favourable,the software will search for a valid andcost effective alternative formula. Suchan alternative mixture could consist of vegetable oil and protein (or algae based)
Figure 2: use lot optimization to cope withchanging ingredient qualities assuring a stableend product quality
"Using BESTMIX® multiblend, feed producers canreduce raw material costs by more than 1%.This way, the limited and more expensiveresources will be divided amongst all aqua dietsin the most cost effective way"
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