2001 CUSA – System Dynamics Group – Web address: http://www.unipa.it/~bianchi3Malaysia’s basic telephone infrastructure is already very good, with telephone penetration rates of 25 per hundred in urban areas and an overall average penetration rate of 15 per hundred for theentire country.TM also has an extensive leased line service offering both analog and digital leased lines. Analoglines officially support data rates of up to 14.4 Kbps, but these circuits are commonly used at 32Kbps. By the end of 1995, the customer base for analog leased lines had risen to 37,476. Two formsof digital leased lines are also available.
, which is unmanaged, and
which is managed. In both cases, the digitalleased circuits provide transmission speeds from 64 Kbps to 2 Mbps. As of October, 1996, therewere 312 Digitaline users and 1,590 Digitaline II users. ISDN has also been available since 1993.During 1996, capacity was expanded to 4,000 lines with access at 96 locations in Malaysia. As of October, 1996, there were 608 users of this service.Another recent development in data communications in Malaysia was the launching of TelekomMalaysia's COrporate INformation Superhighway (COINS) broadband network in July 1996,providing a service based on SDH. Typical applications envisioned for the new service include highspeed data transfer, Internet access, interactive multimedia services, video on demand, and videoconferencing, with data rates of between 64 Kbps and 2 Mbps now possible. The COINS network will also be used as Telekom Malaysia’s Internet backbone.
3. Main key-actors in Malaysian telecommunications
Jabatan Telekom Malaysia
(JTM) is assigned the role in Malaysia for the regulation (i.e.,enforcement, licensing, rates and tariffs) of the telecommunications industry. JTM is a governmentunit within the Ministry of Energy, Telecommunications and Posts.Within the context of Malaysia’s industrial master planning, JTM is concerned with keeping IT-related prices down; for example, low costs are needed to access foreign data bases as in the case of Internet.Further, it is clear that if TM, as a dominant operating player in the country’s telecommunicationsarena is unable to meet Malaysia’s various IT goals, then competitive actors can emerge inMalaysia’s more open privatisation environment; new players can be licensed, thus by-passingcurrent providers of telecommunications services.Recently, four new operators in wireless communications were licensed.