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Water Heating, the Environment and You

Water Heating, the Environment and You

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Water Heating, theEnvironment and You
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a joint initiative o the Australian,State and Territory Governments
Water Heating, the Environment and You
Water heating is the largest single source of greenhouse gas emissions from the averageAustralian home and accounts for about aquarter of household energy use.
Currently about 50 per cent o Australian households use conventional electric hot watersystems to heat water in their homes. These systems produce three times more greenhousegas emissions than solar, heat pump and high eciency gas hot water technologies.Signicant greenhouse savings can be made by switching rom conventional electric water heatingto low-emission alternatives. Householders may also save money on their electricity bills each year byswitching to a low-emission water heater.
Phasing out greenhouse-intensivehot water systems
 The Australian Government and state and territory governments are working together to phase outgreenhouse-intensive hot water systems, starting in 2010. The phase-out will apply in all states andterritories except Tasmania.Conventional residential electric hot water systems produce about our tonnes o carbon dioxide peryear. By phasing out greenhouse-intensive water heaters, greenhouse gas emissions can be reducedby about 51 million tonnes in the period rom 2010 to 2020. This is equivalent to taking 1.4 million carso the road or 10 years. It may also help householders save money on their electricity bills.You will not have to purchase a low-emission hot water system until your current one needs to bereplaced.
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Water Heating, the Environment and You
 The gure below shows the relative emissions intensity o dierent hot water systems.
Comparison of greenhouse gas emissions produced by hot water systems
Switching to low-emission technologies
A range o low-emission technologies are available or water heating in your home.When properly installed and used eciently, low-emission hot water systems provide householders with anopportunity to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and reduce their energy bills. Builders o new housesand households replacing an existing hot water system can choose rom a range o low-emission alternativesto suit their home, climate and budget, including:
I you have access to piped/reticulated natural gas, you aren’t limited to installing a gas hot water system;choose the option that best suits your needs.For more inormation reer to the low-emission water heating technologies actsheet.
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Water Heating, the Environment and You
Implementing the phase-out 
 The phase-out will be implemented in two stages.
General schedule o phase-out Stages 1 and 2
New Existing
Detached, terrace andtown housesand hostels
2010All dwellings2010Dwellings in a gasreticulated area2012All dwellingsApartmentsand fats
2012New dwellings with accessto piped gasExempt
Schedule of electric storage hot water system phase-out 
 The specics relating to classes o buildings and their requirements will dier in each state and territory.Consult your installer, supplier and/or state or territory body or more details.
Stage 1
Starting in 2010, the phase-out o greenhouse-intensive electric hot water systems will be implemented on astate-by-state basis or new and existing homes where such requirements do not currently exist.For hot water installations in new homes, requirements are specied in the Building Code o Australia and willbe regulated through state and territory building regulations. Installations in existing homes will be regulatedthrough state and territory plumbing regulations.Standards or hot water installations in new homes are already in place in South Australia, Queensland,Victoria, Western Australia and New South Wales.Standards or hot water installations in existing homes are already in place in South Australia and Queensland.

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