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Water Heating, the Environment and You

Water Heating, the Environment and You

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12/24/2010

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Water Heating, theEnvironment and You
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a joint initiative o the Australian,State and Territory Governments
Water Heating, the Environment and You
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Water heating is the largest single source of greenhouse gas emissions from the averageAustralian home and accounts for about aquarter of household energy use.
 
Currently about 50 per cent o Australian households use conventional electric hot watersystems to heat water in their homes. These systems produce three times more greenhousegas emissions than solar, heat pump and high eciency gas hot water technologies.Signicant greenhouse savings can be made by switching rom conventional electric water heatingto low-emission alternatives. Householders may also save money on their electricity bills each year byswitching to a low-emission water heater.
Phasing out greenhouse-intensivehot water systems
 The Australian Government and state and territory governments are working together to phase outgreenhouse-intensive hot water systems, starting in 2010. The phase-out will apply in all states andterritories except Tasmania.Conventional residential electric hot water systems produce about our tonnes o carbon dioxide peryear. By phasing out greenhouse-intensive water heaters, greenhouse gas emissions can be reducedby about 51 million tonnes in the period rom 2010 to 2020. This is equivalent to taking 1.4 million carso the road or 10 years. It may also help householders save money on their electricity bills.You will not have to purchase a low-emission hot water system until your current one needs to bereplaced.
 
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Water Heating, the Environment and You
 The gure below shows the relative emissions intensity o dierent hot water systems.
Comparison of greenhouse gas emissions produced by hot water systems
Switching to low-emission technologies
A range o low-emission technologies are available or water heating in your home.When properly installed and used eciently, low-emission hot water systems provide householders with anopportunity to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and reduce their energy bills. Builders o new housesand households replacing an existing hot water system can choose rom a range o low-emission alternativesto suit their home, climate and budget, including:
heatpumpgassolar(electricorgasboosted).
I you have access to piped/reticulated natural gas, you aren’t limited to installing a gas hot water system;choose the option that best suits your needs.For more inormation reer to the low-emission water heating technologies actsheet.
 
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Water Heating, the Environment and You
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Implementing the phase-out 
 The phase-out will be implemented in two stages.
General schedule o phase-out Stages 1 and 2
New Existing
Detached, terrace andtown housesand hostels
(Class1aandb)
2010All dwellings2010Dwellings in a gasreticulated area2012All dwellingsApartmentsand fats
(Class2)
2012New dwellings with accessto piped gasExempt
Schedule of electric storage hot water system phase-out 
 The specics relating to classes o buildings and their requirements will dier in each state and territory.Consult your installer, supplier and/or state or territory body or more details.
Stage 1
Starting in 2010, the phase-out o greenhouse-intensive electric hot water systems will be implemented on astate-by-state basis or new and existing homes where such requirements do not currently exist.For hot water installations in new homes, requirements are specied in the Building Code o Australia and willbe regulated through state and territory building regulations. Installations in existing homes will be regulatedthrough state and territory plumbing regulations.Standards or hot water installations in new homes are already in place in South Australia, Queensland,Victoria, Western Australia and New South Wales.Standards or hot water installations in existing homes are already in place in South Australia and Queensland.

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