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Nitro Benzene preparation, Laboratory & Industrial, Uses and Applications

Nitro Benzene preparation, Laboratory & Industrial, Uses and Applications

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Published by usman_uet08
Nitro Benzene preparation, Laboratory & Industrial, Uses and Applications
Nitro Benzene preparation, Laboratory & Industrial, Uses and Applications

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Published by: usman_uet08 on Dec 24, 2010
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03/31/2014

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Experiment # 5:
Preparation of Nitro-Benzene
Date: 23-11-10
Muhammad Usman(2008-chem-02-B)
 
1.
 
Benzene:Carcinogenic:
Benzene exposure has serious health effects. The
American Petroleum Institute(API)
stated in 1948 that "
it is generally considered that the only absolutelysafe concentration for benzene is zero
. The
US Department of Health andHuman Services (DHHS)
classifies benzene as a
human carcinogen
.
Highly flammable:
It has a flash point of -11
o
C. It can readily catch fire. So care should be takenwhile handling it.
Toxic:
The short term breathing of high levels of benzene can result in death.
Properties of Benzene:
IUPAC Name BenzeneOther namesBenzolcyclohexa-1,3,5-trieneAppearance Colorless liquid
 
StructureMolecular formula C
6
H
6
 Molar mass 78.11 g mol
-1
 Density 0.8765 g cm
-3
 Melting point 5.5
o
CBoiling point 80.1
o
CSolubility in water 1.8 g/L at 15
o
CFlash point -11
o
C
2.
 
Nitric acid:Toxic:
Fumes from concentrated nitric acid are very damaging if inhaled
 
Corrosive:
Concentrated and moderately concentrated solutions are very corrosiveand can cause serious skin damage
 
Oxidant:
Contact with the eyes can cause serious long-term damage.
 

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