Journal of Natural Fibers
, 6:319–330, 2009Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLCISSN: 1544-0478 print/1544-046X onlineDOI: 10.1080/15440470903354695
WJNF1544-04781544-046X Journal of Natural Fibers, Vol. 6, No. 4, Oct 2009: pp. 0–0 Journal of Natural Fibers
Dyeing of Wool and Silk by Eucalyptus LeavesExtract
Dyeing by Eucalyptus ExtractR. Mongkholrattanasit et al.
RATTANAPHOL MONGKHOLRATTANASIT, JIRI KRYŠT
FEK, and JAKUB WIENER
Department of Textile Chemistry, Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic
Wool and silk fabrics were dyed using the water extract obtained from eucalyptus leaves; essentially higher utilization of dyestuffs and shortening of the dyeing procedure was achieved as a result of the padding dyeing principle followed prior to drying. Simulta-neous mordanting by FeSO
shows brown-grey color of different shades depending on the dye concentration. The dye exploitationof wool is higher than that of silk, and in both cases common“exhaustion” methods are better than “long baths.” The ecological and economical considerations of dyeing by natural dyestuffs are discussed. KEYWORDSnatural dyes, eucalyptus leaves extract, mordant, ferrous sulfate, wool, silk, pad-dry dyeing method, ecological and economical aspects
INTRODUCTIONTheoretical Presuppositions of Natural Dyes to Dyeing
Achieving a good, or at least a relatively good, water solubility using naturaldyes is rather exceptional. No chemical group is capable of electrolyticdissociation or ionization in a molecule; an interesting and important exceptionis the
, for example, pelargonidine, cyanidine, and betanidineare slightly cationic dyes and, therefore, also have relatively good solubility in water.
Address correspondence to Rattanaphol Mongkholrattanasit, Department of TextileChemistry, Technical University of Liberec, Studentská 2, Liberec 46117, Czech Republic.E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
D o w nl o ad ed B y : [ M o n gkh ol r a t t a n a si t , R a t t a n a ph ol] A t : 10 :09 4 D e c e mb e r 2009