writing. The answer to the question is clearly: yes. Both, and more.The Church of Rome devised the modern Bible in the Fourth CenturyCE, omitting many books that did not fulfill its agenda of the time andrewriting others to fit its newly devised doctrine, taking advantage of its new position as the official religion of the Roman Empire. In theprocess it omitted its extermination of the Followers of Jesus in theHoly Land in the Third Century (the power of the Christian Church wasin Greece at the time, not in Jerusalem) and it made Mary of Magdalaalmost disappear from the texts.Two centuries later a Pope had Mary Magdalene repositioned as aprostitute (which is never hinted in the Bible) so that it could maintainits hold of men only holding power in the religion. Only in fairly recentyears did we learn that Mary was the strongest supporter of Jesus,even likely in a financial sense as her father was a well-off Jewishmerchant, and she became virtually the leader of the teachers whowere the Followers of Jesus, courtesy of the Nag Hammadi textsdiscovered in Ethiopia, that were arguably more important than theDead Sea Scrolls.Remember that Jesus of Nazareth was a Galilean who spoke andpreached in Aramaic, though he obviously also spoke and read Hebrewas he quoted from Hebrew texts and chatted with the priests inJerusalem when he was 12. Some of what is recorded in the Bible istranslated from Aramaic. Not only was Aramaic different from Hebrew,the culture and customs of the people who spoke it in the Galileediffered greatly from those of the Israelites farther south.In Aramaic, for example, the same word that means carpenter alsomeans stone mason. The Bible has Joseph being a carpenter, not animpossibility, but unlikely in an age when Rome and King Herod wereresponsible for most of the building in the region and they preferredbuilding with stone because wood was rare in the Holy Land, as it istoday. Joseph was surely a stone mason, one who helped to build thenew Roman city that sprang up a few kilometres away from Nazareth.Something that has bothered scholars for ages is the status of themother of Jesus, Mary, as a virgin at the time of her becomingpregnant. What the Bible emphasizes is her Immaculate Conception,meaning that Mary, thus her son, conceived free of Original Sin (thesin of Eve, which supposedly followed all humans until the death of Jesus on the cross).