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Spedicija FTN NS

Spedicija FTN NS

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Published by Edin Hadzic

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Published by: Edin Hadzic on Dec 25, 2010
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SADRŽAJUVOD.........................................................................................................................................11. UOPŠTENO O ŠPEDITERSKOJ DELATNOSTI................................................................21.1. Nastanak i razvoj špedicije..................................................................................................21.2. Opšti pojmovi u oblasti špedicije........................................................................................2
1.2. Podela rada i specijalizacija špediterskih preduzeća
...........................................................32. RAZVOJ I ORGANIZACIJA ŠPEDITERSKE DELATNOSTI KOD NAS l U SVETU ....52.1. Razvoj špediterske delatnosti na ovim prostorima..............................................................5
2.2. Uloga i zadaci međunarodnog špeditera
..............................................................................6
2.3. Unutrašnja organizacija špediterskog preduzeća
.................................................................7
2.3. Organizovanost špediterskih preduzeća u međunarodnim okvirima
...................................83. ZAKONSKI PROPISI l UZANCE O ŠPEDITERSKOJ DELATNOSTI ...........................113.1. Naša regulativa..................................................................................................................113.2. Evropski i anglosaksonski sistem......................................................................................113.2.1. Evropski sistem ..............................................................................................................113.2.2. Anglosaksonski sistem ...................................................................................................12
3.3. Skraćenice u trgovačkoj terminologiji
...............................................................................133.3.1. Opšte uzanse za promet robom.......................................................................................133.3.2. Incoterms 2000...............................................................................................................143.3.3. Ostale uzance..................................................................................................................144. PREVOZNE l ŠPEDITERSKE TARIFE.............................................................................174.1. Uopšteno o tarifama...........................................................................................................17
4.1.1. Tarifska načela
................................................................................................................174.1.2. Tarifski pojmovi.............................................................................................................184.2. Prevozne tarife...................................................................................................................19
4.2.1. Železničke tarife
.............................................................................................................204.2.2. Tarife u pomorskom transportu......................................................................................234.2.2.1. Tarife u linijskoj plovidbi............................................................................................234.2.2.2. Konferencijske tarife...................................................................................................24
4.2.2.3. Naplaćivanje vozarinskih dodataka u pomorskom transportu
.....................................24
4.2.3. Tarife u rečnom transportu
.............................................................................................254.2.4. Tarife u drumskom transportu........................................................................................264.2.5. Tarife u vazdušnom transportu.......................................................................................264.2.6. Ostale tarife.....................................................................................................................264.3. Špediterske tarife...............................................................................................................274.3.1. Problematika usluga i tarifa............................................................................................274.3.2. Tehnika špediterskih tarifa.............................................................................................285. TARIFNI POSLOVI ............................................................................................................315.1. Akvizicija ..........................................................................................................................31
 
5.2. Praćenje tržišta
...................................................................................................................315.3. Instradacija.........................................................................................................................325.4. Informacije i ponude..........................................................................................................335.4.1. Informacije......................................................................................................................335.4.2. Ponude.............................................................................................................................335.5. Sklapanje ugovora o špediciji............................................................................................345.6. Reklamacije........................................................................................................................355.6.1. Kontrola dokumenata......................................................................................................35
5.6.2. Manje zaračunati troškovi
...............................................................................................35
5.6.3. Više zaračunati troškovi
..................................................................................................35
5.6.4. Gubitak ili oštećenje robe u transportu
...........................................................................36
5.6.5. Prekoračenje roka isp
oruke.............................................................................................37
5.6.6. Ostali zahtevi za obeštećenjem
.......................................................................................385.7. Refakcije i provizije...........................................................................................................385.7.1. Refakcije.........................................................................................................................385.7.2. Provizije..........................................................................................................................39
6. KARAKTER ROBE U MEĐUNARODNOM PROMETU
.................................................416.2. Carinska linija....................................................................................................................416.2. Carinski putevi...................................................................................................................41
6.3. Carinsko područje
..............................................................................................................426.4. Carinski pogr 
anični pojas
...................................................................................................436.5. Carinska obaveza i carinski obveznik................................................................................446.5.1. Carinska obaveza............................................................................................................44
6.5.2. Podložnost plaćanju carine
..............................................................................................446.5.3. Nastanak i prestanak carinske obaveze...........................................................................446.6. Carinski obveznik ..............................................................................................................456.7. Carinska roba.....................................................................................................................466.7.1. Pojam i karakteristike carinske robe...............................................................................466.7.2. Vrste carinske robe..........................................................................................................486.7.2.1. Carinska roba i smer njenog kretanja...........................................................................486.7.2.2. Carinska roba i karakteristike njenog prometa ............................................................49
6.7.2.3. Carinska roba i karakter i način njenog uvoza
- izvoza...............................................49
6.7.2.4. Carinska roba i obaveza plaćanj
a carine......................................................................496.8. Carinska vrednost robe.......................................................................................................516.8.1. Troškovi prevoza i dopreme robe...................................................................................516.8.2. Troškovi transportnog osiguranja...................................................................................51
6.8.3. Posredničke i komisione provizije
..................................................................................526.8.4. Troškovi pribavljanja dokumentacije..............................................................................526.8.5. Troškovi ambalaže..........................................................................................................526.8.6. Dažbine i prevozne takse................................................................................................526.9. Prijavljivanje carinske robe................................................................................................526.10. Carinski nadzor................................................................................................................53
 
6.11. Smeštaj carinske robe......................................................................................................55
6.11.1. Železničko
- carinski magacin......................................................................................566.11.2. Carinsko skladište.........................................................................................................566.11.3. Carinsko smestište........................................................................................................576.11.4. Konsignaciono skladište...............................................................................................586.
11.5. Specijalizovano skladište strane robe i robe domaće proizvodnje
...............................596.11.6. Centralno skladište .......................................................................................................606.11.7. Slobodna carinska prodavnica......................................................................................616.11.8. Druge prostorije i prostori............................................................................................626.11.9.Slobodne i carinske zone...............................................................................................637. POSLOVI UVOZA..............................................................................................................657.0. Dispozicija.........................................................................................................................657.1. Pozicioniranje....................................................................................................................677.2. Disponiranje ......................................................................................................................677.3. Osiguranje..........................................................................................................................687.4. Doprema robe....................................................................................................................697.5. Aviziranje i prijem robe.....................................................................................................697.6. Carinjenje ..........................................................................................................................717.6.1. Isprave u carinskom postupku........................................................................................717.6.1.1. Jedinstvena carinska isprava (JCI) ..............................................................................727.6.1.2. Carinska isprava za prijavljivanje robe (CIPR)...........................................................737.6.2. Postupak carinjenje robe.................................................................................................767.6.2.1. Podnošenje potrebne dokumentacije (JCI i drugih propisanih isprava)......................777.6.2.2. Prijem i pregled dokumentacije (JCI i drugih propisanih isprava)..............................787.6.2.3. Pregled carinske robe ..................................................................................................797.
6.2.4. Obračun i naplata carine i drugih uvoznih dažbina
.....................................................817.6.2.5. Ostale aktivnosti u postupku carinjenja.......................................................................837.7. Otprema robe komitentu (korisniku).................................................................................857.8. Zbirni transport..................................................................................................................86
7.9. Obračun i fakturiranje
........................................................................................................888.0. Dispozicija.........................................................................................................................938.1. Pozicioniranje....................................................................................................................958.2. Osiguranje tovarnog prostora............................................................................................96
8.2.0. Otprema robe železničkim transportom
.........................................................................978.2.1. Otprema pomorskim transportom...................................................................................98
8.2.2. Otprema robe rečnim transportom
..................................................................................998.2.3. Otprema drumskim transportom.....................................................................................998.2.4. Otprema ostalim prevoznim sredstvima.........................................................................998.3. Ispostavljanje prevoznih isprava .....................................................................................100
8.3.0. Način popunjavanja
......................................................................................................1008.3.1. Isprave koje ispostavlja prevoznik ...............................................................................102

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