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4G Detailed Information

4G Detailed Information

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Published by Sharath Kumar N
IEEE paper
IEEE paper

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Published by: Sharath Kumar N on Dec 26, 2010
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01/14/2011

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4G Wireless Systems
Next-Generation Wireless Working GroupJawwad Ahmad, Ben Garrison, Jim Gruen, Chris Kelly, and Hunter PankeyMay 2, 2003
 
4G Wireless Systems 
1
Contents
1 Introduction 32 Economic Impact 3
2.1 Advantages of 4G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32.2 Problems with the Current System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32.3 Barriers to Progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3 Wireless Security 6
3.1 History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63.2 Stakeholders in Wireless Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73.3 Information Security Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73.4 Wireless Security Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73.5 Security Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93.5.1 Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93.5.2 Threats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93.5.3 Security Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4 Current Technology 10
4.1 TDMA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104.2 CDMA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
5 4G Hardware 13
5.1 Ultra Wide Band Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135.2 Smart Antennas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
6 4G Software 15
6.1 Software Dened Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156.2 Packet Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166.3 Packets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166.3.1 Advantages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166.3.2 Disadvantages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186.4 Implementation of Packets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186.4.1 Current System: IPv4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186.4.2 Recommended System: IPv6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196.4.3 Voice over IP (VoIP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196.5 Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196.6 Flexibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206.7 Anti-Virus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
7 Conclusion 21
 
4G Wireless Systems 
2
List of Figures
1 Cellular Provider System Upgrades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Information Security Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Time Division Multiple Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Sending Data using Code Division Multiple Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 Receiving Data using Code Division Multiple Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 UWB Spectrum Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 Switched Beam Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 Adaptive Array Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Packet with 896-bit payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
List of Tables
1 Cellular Providers and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 The Cellular Industry as a Game . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

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