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WWII Liberty Cargo Ship History

WWII Liberty Cargo Ship History

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Published by CAP History Library
Coastal Patrol
Coastal Patrol

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: CAP History Library on Dec 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike

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08/22/2013

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‘L
IBERTY
 
C
ARGO
S
HIP
 
F
EATURE
A
RTICLE
 
written by
James Davies
for
K
EY
I
NFORMATION
 
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Manufacturers:
Alabama Dry Dock Co, Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards Inc, California Shipbuilding Corp,Delta Shipbuilding Co, J A Jones Construction Co (Brunswick), J A Jones ConstructionCo (Panama City), Kaiser Co, Marinship Corp, New England Shipbuilding Corp, North
 
Carolina Shipbuilding Co, Oregon Shipbuilding Corp, Permanente Metals Co, St JohnsRiver Shipbuilding Co, Southeastern Shipbuilding Corp, Todd Houston ShipbuildingCorp, Walsh-Kaiser Co.
Major Variants:
General cargo, tanker, collier, (modifications also boxed aircraft transport, tank transport,hospital ship, troopship).
Role:
Cargo transport, troop transport, hospital ship, repair ship.
Operated by:
United States of America, Great Britain, (small quantity also Norway, Belgium, SovietUnion, France, Greece, Netherlands and other nations).
First Laid Down:
30
th
April 1941
Last Completed:
30
th
October 1945
Units:
2,711 ships laid down, 2,710 entered service.
 
Released by WW2Ships.com
www.WW2Ships.com
 © James Davies
FEATURE ARTICLE
 
USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo ShipContents
 May 20042 of 164
C
ONTENTS
 
‘Liberty’ Cargo Ship...............................................................................................................1
 
Key Information.......................................................................................................................1
 
Contents.....................................................................................................................................2
 
Introduction...............................................................................................................................4
 
Background.........................................................................................................................4
 
The Tonnage War..............................................................................................................5
 
The Liberty Ship Programme..........................................................................................5
 
Impact of Liberty Ships on the War...............................................................................6
 
Development.............................................................................................................................7
 
Britain Builds ‘Emergency’ Ships..................................................................................7
 
The American ‘Emergency’ Programme is Born.........................................................7
 
General Cargo Vessel Type EC2-S-C1.........................................................................8
 
Liberty Ship Profile.........................................................................................................11
 
Variants....................................................................................................................................12
 
Tanker Type Z-ET1-S-C3..............................................................................................12
 
Tanker Profile...................................................................................................................14
 
Collier Type EC2-S-AW1..............................................................................................15
 
Collier Profile...................................................................................................................16
 
Operational Use......................................................................................................................17
 
Overview...........................................................................................................................17
 
Gallant Ships....................................................................................................................18
 
SAM Ships........................................................................................................................19
 
Liberty Ship Fates...........................................................................................................21
 
Wartime Liberty Ship Losses..................................................................................21
 
Overall Liberty Ship Fates.......................................................................................22
 
Specifications (As-Built)......................................................................................................23
 
Major Modifications..............................................................................................................24
 
Passenger Transport........................................................................................................24
 
Hospital Ship....................................................................................................................27
 
Repair Ship.......................................................................................................................28
 
Tank Transports and Boxed Aircraft Transports........................................................29
 
Appendix A: Surviving Examples......................................................................................30
 
 Jeremiah O’Brien
............................................................................................................30
 
 
Released by WW2Ships.com
www.WW2Ships.com
 © James Davies
FEATURE ARTICLE
 
USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo ShipContents
 May 20043 of 164
 John W Brown
..................................................................................................................32
 
 Lane Victory
.....................................................................................................................32
 
Appendix B: Production Figures.........................................................................................33
 
Ship Construction Distribution.....................................................................................33
 
Ship Construction Time, 1942 – 1945.........................................................................34
 
Ship Construction Time, Individual Shipyards..........................................................35
 
Appendix C: Ship Histories................................................................................................36
 
General Cargo Type EC2-S-C1....................................................................................36
 
Alabama Dry Dock Co.............................................................................................36
 
Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards...............................................................................38
 
California Shipbuilding Corp..................................................................................58
 
Delta Shipbuilding Co..............................................................................................73
 
J A Jones Construction Co (Brunswick)................................................................79
 
J A Jones Construction Co (Panama City)............................................................82
 
Kaiser Co....................................................................................................................86
 
Marinship Corp..........................................................................................................87
 
New England Shipbuilding Corp............................................................................88
 
North Carolina Shipbuilding Co.............................................................................99
 
Oregon Shipbuilding Corp....................................................................................107
 
Permanente Metals Co Yard.................................................................................122
 
Southeastern Shipbuilding Corp..........................................................................142
 
St Johns River Shipbuilding Co...........................................................................146
 
Todd Houston Shipbuilding Corp........................................................................150
 
Walsh-Kaiser Co.....................................................................................................159
 
Tanker Type Z-ET1-S-C3...........................................................................................160
 
California Shipbuilding Corp...............................................................................160
 
Delta Shipbuilding Co...........................................................................................162
 
Collier Type EC2-S-AW1...........................................................................................164
 
Delta Shipbuilding Co...........................................................................................164
 

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